Indian Polity : Council of Ministers and Union legislation

Jan 24 • Indian Polity • 467 Views • No Comments on Indian Polity : Council of Ministers and Union legislation

Council of Ministers and Union Legislature 

Council of Ministers and Union Legislature 

Council of Ministers

  1. It comprises –  Cabinet Ministers , Ministers of State and Deputy ministers.
  2. There is a cabinet meeting headed  by cabinet secretary in which all these ministers are called.
  3. The cabinet secretary is the senior most secretary who maintains the co-ordination among the members of cabinet  meeting.

Article 74

  1. There shall be  a council of  ministers with Prime minister at the head to aid and advise the president.

Article 75

  1. The Prime Ministers is appointed by the President and other ministers are also appointed by the president on the advice of Prime minister.
  2. Prime Minister may be elected  by the Prime minister himself
  3. Prime Minister may be selected by party.
  4. He may be appointed by the president.
  5. A minister  individually shall be responsible to president.
  6. If Prime minister resigns or dies in the office all the other ministers have to resigns.
  7. A minister who has not become a member of either  house within six Months of his becoming.
  8. So, shall not continue as Ministers at the end of such period.

 

Union Legislature

Article 79-

  1. There shall be a [parliament  comprising President, lok sabha, Rajya Sabha.
  2. The rajya sabha is also known as Council of States.
  3. The Lok Sabha is also known as House of the People.

 

Rajya Sabha-

  1. It is also called Upper house.
  2. House of elders.
  3. House of Wisdom.

 

Composition-

  1. It comprises of not more than 238 members elected by MLA’s of States/ UT’s by PRs/STV.
  2. The Rajya Sabha  also comprises of two Anglo -Indian Seats.
  3. The total no. of seats Available in Rajya Sabha is 250.
  4. The 12 members of rajya sabha are directly nominated by

Tenure-

  1. It was constituted in 1952 and still  going  on.
  2. Though the members do have their tenure.
  3. The tenure is of 6yrs.

 

Qualification-

  1. A person should be  a Citizen of India.
  2. He should be at least 30 years of age.
  3. There should be no office of profit.
  4. Also there should be a registered office of profit.

 

Officers of Rajya Sabha –

  1. There is a chairman who is not the member of House.
  2. There is also a Deputy Chairman.
  3. There is also Panel of Chairmen.

 

Special Powers of Rajya Sabha-

 

Article 249

  1. Parliament can make law on any matter of State List, if the members of Rajya Sabha pass a resolution in that regard.

Article 312

  1. Parliament can create a new all India Service if members of Rajya Sabha pass a resolution in that regard.
  2. All India Service- Common to Union and States cadre based ( IAS, IPS, IFS)

 

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