PASSIVE VOICE FOR SSC CGL

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PASSIVE VOICE FOR SSC CGL

PASSIVE VOICE FOR SSC CGL

Active Voice

In Active voice the subject performs the action on the object .

General formula – Sub + verb + Obj

 

Passive Voice

In Passive voice the verb expresses the object on which the action is done by the object.

General formula – Obj + Helping verb + V3 + By + Sub

 

When we use passive voice ?

We generally use passive voice in those sentences –

 

Where the action matters and not the doer

 

         The old lady was declared dead.

 

Where the doer of the action is either unknown or irrelevant .

 

         The whole slum was shifted to the new defence colony .

When the subject itself can’t do the action .

 

 

          Trees were planted on the World Environment Day .

 

INDEFINITE TENSE

 

TENSE ACTIVE VOICE PASSIVE VOICE
SIMPLE PRESENT SUB + V1 + OBJ OBJ + IS/AM/ARE + V3 + BY + SUB
SIMPLE PAST SUB + V2 + OBJ OBJ + WAS/WERE + V3 + BY + SUB
SIMPLE FUTURE SUB + SHALL/WILL + V1 + OBJ OBJ + SHALL/WILL + BE + V3 + BY + SUB

 

ACTIVE SENTENCES                                                        PASSIVE SENTENCES

 

The boss fired her .                                                                        She was fired .

I will not accept his proposal .                                                 His proposal will not be

                                                                                                              accepted by me .

She receive the award with dignity .                                   The award is received by

                                                                                                            her with dignity .

She learns dance here.                                                             Dance is learnt here by her.

The housekeeper cleaned the mess.                                   The mess was cleaned .

IMPORTANT POINTS TO REMEMBER

  1. In the first and last sentence we have not used “by + subject” and the reason behind this is many actions are done by a particular person only like –

  1. Only a boss can fire employee

  2. Generally a housekeeper or cleaner cleans the mess

So in such sentences “by + subject” is not required.

 

NOTE

We can’t convert a sentence in passive voice in which any form of “be” is used as the main verb of the sentence .

I was busy at that time.   (active voice)

(main verb)

The passive voice of the above sentence is not possible.

 

CONTINUOUS TENSE

 

TENSE ACTIVE VOICE PASSIVE VOICE
PRESENT CONTINUOUS SUB + IS/AM/ARE + V1 + ing + OBJ OBJ + IS/AM/ARE + BEING + V3 + BY + SUB
PAST CONTINUOUS SUB + WAS/WERE + V1 + ing + OBJ OBJ + WAS/WERE + BEING + V3 + BY + SUB

 

NOTE    

Passive voice of future continuous is not possible.  

Active                                                                              Passive

She was writing the letter .                        The letter was being written by her.      

He is giving water to plants.                      The plant are being given water by him .

They are expecting the announcement .  The announcement is being expected by them.

 

PERFECT TENSE

 

TENSE ACTIVE VOICE PASSIVE VOICE
PRESENT PERFECT SUB + HAS/HAVE + V3 + OBJ OBJ + HAS/HAVE + BEEN + V3 + BY + SUB
PAST PERFECT SUB + HAD + V3 + OBJ OBJ + HAS/HAVE + BEEN + V3 + BY + SUB
FUTURE  PERFECT SUB + SHALL/WILL + HAVE + V3 + OBJ OBJ +SHALL/WILL + HAVE + BEEN + V3 + BY + SUB

 

Active                                                                              Passive

She has received the parcel .                                       The parcel has been received by her .

She will have created the file by that time.               The file will have been created by her by          

                                                                                           That time .

They had left the village before the sun rose.          The village had been left by them

                                                                                             before the sun rose.

 

NOTE (TO +V1)

 

SUB + HAS/HAVE/HAD + TO + V1 + OBJ – ACTIVE VOICE

OBJ +  HAS/HAVE/HAD + TO + BE + V3 + SUB – PASSIVE VOICE

You have to complete this target on time. (Active voice)

This target has to be completed by you on time. (Passive voice)

She has to find the research papers from the company. (Active voice)

The research papers have to be found by her from the company. (Passive voice)

 

IMPERATIVE SENTENCES

Requests, suggestions, advice and commands are expressed through imperative sentences. Usually the subject is not mentioned in such sentences and the listener is the subject here.

 

Basically imperative sentence are of 3 types –

  1. With object

Pass the book . (active voice)

Let the book be passed . (passive voice)

             Or

You are ordered to pass the book.

 

General formula – Let + obj + be + v3

                                  Or

                            You are ordered/requested/forbidden/suggested + to + v1 + object  

 

  1. Without object

Get lost . (active voice)

You are ordered to get lost . (passive voice)

 

General formula –  You are ordered/requested/forbidden/suggested + to + v1 + object  

 

  1. Imperative sentences involving moral suggestions.

Respect the elder . (active voice)

The elders should be respected. (passive voice)

General formula – obj + should + be + V3

 

PASSIVE VOICE WITH MODALS

 

ACTIVE VOICE PASSIVE VOICE
SUB + MODAL + V1 + OBJ OBJ + MODAL + BE + V3 + BY + SUB
SUB + MODQAL + HAVE + V3 + OBJ OBJ + MODAL + HAVE +BEEN + V3 + BY + SUB

 

NOTE

Passive voice of modal continuous is not possible.

 

LINKING VERBS

Linking verbs are always followed by adjectives.

 

The food tastes delicious.     (active voice)

                         (Adjective)

 

The food is delicious when it is tasted  (passive voice)

 

General formula – SUB + VERB + ADJECTIVE + WHEN + PRONOUN + HELPING VERB + V3

 

Perfume smells fruity. (active voice)

The perfume is fruity when it is smelt . (passive voice)

 

Some of the linking verbs are –

Appear, be, become, feel. Get, look,  remain, seem, smell, sound, stay, taste, turn

 

INTERROGATIVE SENTENCES

 

Basically there are two types of interrogative sentences –

 

 

  • The one that start with helping verbs

 

 

Has he removed the file from the desktop ? (active voice)

Has the file been removed by him from the desktop ? (passive voice)

 

Start the sentence with the helping verb which goes with the object of the sentence.

 

  1. The one that start with question words (what, why, when, where, why, how).

 

Why have you removed the file from the desktop ? (active voice)

Why have the fle been removed by you from the desktop ? (passive voice)

 

Start the sentence with the question word only.

 

PREVIOUS YEARS QUESTIONS OF VOICE

 

In the following questions, sentences have been given in Active/Passive Voice. Out of the four alternatives suggested, select the one which best expresses the same meaning  in Passive/Active Voice.  

 

  1. Rohit had written an essay on ‘Pollution’.

1) An essay on ‘Pollution’ was written by Rohit.

2) An essay on ‘Pollution’ had been written by Rohit.

3) An essay on ‘Pollution’ wrote Rohit.

4) An essay on ‘Pollution’ have been written by Rohit

 

  1. He had already torn the pages of the book.

1) The pages of the book has already been torn by him.

2) The pages of the book have already been torn by him.

3) The pages of the book had already been torn by him.

4) The pages of the book had already torn by him.

 

3.This word cannot be uttered by a sane man

1) A sane man did not utter this word.

2) A sane man will not utter this word.

3) A sane man cannot utter the word.

4) A sane man cannot utter this word.

 

  1. The national anthem is being sung by Jason.

1) Jason was singing the national anthem.

2) Jason is singing the national anthem.

3) Jason sings the national anthem.

4) Jason has sung the national anthem.

Correct Answer: Jason is singing the national anthem.

 

5.Can he complete the job in three weeks?

1) Can he in three weeks complete the job ?

2) Can’t the job be completed by him in three weeks ?

3) Can the job be completed by him in three weeks ?

4) He cannot complete the job in three weeks ?

 

  1. Grid failure brings five hundred trains to a halt.

1) Five hundred trains are being brought to a halt by grid failure.

2) Five hundred trains are brought to a halt by grid failure.

3) Five hundred trains were brought to a halt by grid failure.

4) Five hundred trains had been brought to a halt by grid failure.

 

  1. The teacher was pleased with his recitation.

1) His recitation pleases the teacher.

2) His recitation pleased the teacher.

3) His recitation will please the teacher.

4) His recitation has pleased the teacher.

 

  1. We saw her singing at her work.

1) Her singing was seen by us at her work.

2) Her singing was seen at her work by us.

3) She was seen being sung at her work by us.

4) She was seen singing at her work.

 

  1. They will help us with money.

1) We will be helped by them with money.

2) We should be helped by them with money.

3) We must be helped by them with money.

4) We could be helped by them with money.

 

  1. I was asked my name.

1) My name was asked for.

2) They asked me my name.

3) They asked my name from me.

4) My name was asked.

 

  1. Kamala was told the bad news as soon as she arrived.

1) Someone had told Kamala the bad news as soon as she arrived.

2) Some is telling Kamala the bad news as soon as she arrived.

3) Someone told Kamala the bad news as soon as she arrived.

4) Someone has told Kamala the bad news as soon as she arrived.

 

  1. The girl’s death has opened a can of worms.

1) A can of worms is being opened by the girl’s death.

2) A can of worms has been opened by the girl’s death.

3) A can of worms are being opened by the girl’s death.

4) A can of worms were being opened by the girl’s death.

 

  1. By that time tomorrow, they would have completed the work allotted to them.

1) By that time tomorrow, the work allotted to them would be completed by them.

2) By that time tomorrow, the work allotted to them would complete by them.

3) By that time tomorrow, the work allotted to them would be complete by them.

4) By that time tomorrow, the work allotted to them would have been completed by them.

 

  1. While I was on holiday, my camera was stolen from my hotel room.

1) While I was on holiday, somebody stole my camera from my hotel room.

2) While I was on holiday, my camera had been stolen from my hotel room.

3) While I was on holiday, they steal my camera from my hotel room.

4) While I was on holiday, they had stolen my camera from my hotel room.

 

  1. Do all the necessary tests soon.

1) All the necessary tests may be done soon.

2) Let all the necessary tests be done soon.

3) Let all the necessary tests were done soon.

4) All the necessary tests have to be done soon.

 

  1. She had locked the door, before she left.

1) She locks the door, before she leaves.

2) She locked the door and left.

3) The door was locked by her, before she took leave.

4) The door had been locked by her, before she left.

 

  1. Bravery and loyalty were rewarded by the king.

1) Reward was given for bravery and loyalty.

2) The King rewarded bravery and loyalty.

3) The king gave a reward for a bravery and loyalty.

4) For loyalty and bravery it is said that the king gave reward.

 

18.I remember them taking me to the zoo.

1) I remember having being taken to the zoo.

2) I remember to be taken to the zoo.

3) I remember being taken to the zoo.

4) I remember I was taken to the zoo.

 

  1. Who has destroyed Nagasaki?

1) By whom Nagasaki have been destroyed?

2) By whom has Nagasaki been destroyed?

3) By whom Nagasaki had been destroyed?

4) By whom Nagasaki has been destroyed?

 

  1. Arun has written a newspaper report on the inauguration of Delhi Metro Railways.

1) A newspaper report on the inauguration of Delhi Metro Railways have been written by Arun.

2) A newspaper report on the inauguration of Delhi Metro Railways had been written by Arun.

3) A newspaper report on the inauguration of Delhi Metro Railways is written by Arun.

4) A newspaper report on the inauguration of Delhi Metro Railways has been written by Arun.

 

  1. The old owl will listen to the squirrel’s problems, patiently.

1) The squirrel’s problems shall be listened patiently by the old owl.

2) The squirrel’s problems will be listened to patiently by the old owl.

3) The squirrel’s problems would be listened patiently by the old owl.

4) The squirrels problems should be listened patiently by the old owl.

 

  1. Parents elected him the chairman of PTA as he was the only talented contestant.

1) He was elected the chairman of PTA by parents as he was the only talented contestant.

2) He had been elected the chairman of PTA by parents as he was the only talented contestant.

3) He have been elected the chairman of PTA by parents as he is the only talented contestant.

4) He is elected the chairman of PTA by parents as he was the only talented contestant. Correct Answer: He was elected the chairman of PTA by parents as he was the only talented contestant.

 

  1. The movie will create tension in the Indian society.

1) Tension would be created in the Indian society by the movie.

2) The tension shall be created in the Indian society by the movie.

3) Tension will be created in the Indian society by the movie.

4) The tension can be created in the Indian society by the movie.

 

24.Late arrival of the Gomati Express created confusion among the passengers.

1) Confusion has been created among passengers due to the late arrival of the Gomati Express.

2) Confusion have been created among passengers due to the late arrival of the Gomati Express.

3) Confusion was created among passengers due to the late arrival of the Gomati Express.

4) Confusion is created among passengers due to the late arrival of the Gomati Express.

 

  1. The scorpion stung the farmer.

1) The farmer was stung by the scorpion.

2) The farmer had been stung by the scorpion.

3) The farmer is stung by the scorpion.

4) The farmer has been stung by the scorpion.

Correct Answer: The farmer was stung by the scorpion.

 

Answers

 

  • An essay on ‘Pollution’ had been written by Rohit.

 

    1. The pages of the book had already been torn by him.
    2. A sane man cannot utter this word
    3. Jason is singing the national anthem.
    4. Can the job be completed by him in three weeks ?
    5. Five hundred trains are brought to a halt by grid failure.
    6. His recitation pleased the teacher.
    7. She was seen singing at her work.
    8. We will be helped by them with money.
    9. hey asked me my name.
    10. Someone told Kamala the bad news as soon as she arrived.
    11. A can of worms has been opened by the girl’s death.
    12. By that time tomorrow, the work allotted to them would have been completed by them.  
    13. While I was on holiday, somebody stole my camera from my hotel room.
    14.  Let all the necessary tests be done soon
    15. The door had been locked by her, before she left.
    16. The King rewarded bravery and loyalty.
    17. I remember being taken to the zoo.
    18.  By whom has Nagasaki been destroyed?
    19. A newspaper report on the inauguration of Delhi Metro Railways has been written by Arun.
    20. The squirrel’s problems will be listened to patiently by the old owl.
    21. He was elected the chairman of PTA by parents as he was the only talented contestant.
    22. Tension will be created in the Indian society by the movie.
    23. Confusion was created among passengers due to the late arrival of the Gomati Express.
    24. Confusion was created among passengers due to the late arrival of the Gomati Express.

 

CLOZE TEST 1 FOR SSC CGL

CLOZE TEST 1 FOR SSC CGL

CLOZE TEST 1 FOR SSC CGL

 

Directions (71-80): In the following passage there are blanks, each of which has been numbered. These numbers are printed below the passage and against each, five words are suggested, one of which fits blank appropriately. Find out the appropriate word in each case-

Armed with the powers, a little over a month ago, to get lenders and (71) borrowers to sit down and address the (72) task of cleaning up toxic bad debts, the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has decided to crack the (73.) The central bank’s decision to act on the advice of its Internal Advisory (74) and direct lenders to initiate insolvency (75) against 12 corporate borrowers — each owing in excess of ₹5,000 crore — has come not a day too soon. With gross non-performing assets (NPAs) at about ₹7 lakh crore, a regulatory (76) was (77) not only to safeguard the health of the banking system but also to ward off any wider impact on the economy. RBI Governor Urjit Patel underscored the importance of (78) the bad loans problem as recently as during the June 6-7 meeting of the Monetary Policy Committee when he said: “The (79) investment cycle remains a key macroeconomic concern. It is, therefore, imperative to ensure resolution of stressed assets of banks and timely recapitalisation [of public sector lenders].” While the RBI has not (80) the names of the defaulting dozen, reports suggest they are largely made up of steelmakers and infrastructure companies.

71) a) neglecting b) defaulting c) failing d) discharging              

72) a)  ambiguous  b) clear  c) clean d) messy                                   

73) a) whip b) lash c) switch d) flail                                                   

74) a) counsel b) Committee c) team d) jury                              

75) a) ongoings b) afoot c) recedings d) proceedings              

76) a) shunning b) intervention c) avoiding d) eschew           

77) a) imperative b) elective c) enforced d) coercive                  

78) a) attaching  b) filing c) stuffing d)  tackling                         

79) a) diligent b) occupied c) quiescent d) sedulous                      

80) a) discovered  b) unbosomed c) divulged d) masked             

 

ANSWERS

71. (b)

72. (d)

73. (a)

74. (b)

75. (d)

76. (b)

77. (a)

78. (d)

79. (c)

80. (c)

 

QUIZ 2 FOR PRONOUN

QUIZ 2 FOR PRONOUN

 

  1. (a) Each boy/(b) was given a geometry box/(c) and he was happy./(d) NO ERROR 
  2. (a) Being a rainy day/(b) i could not go/(c) to market./(d) NO ERROR 
  3. (a) They who work/(b) hard will/(c) get the reward./(d) NO ERROR 
  4. (a) She bathed herself/(b) in the/(c) river./(d) NO ERROR 
  5. (a) The audience are requested/(b) to occupy its seats/(c) without making noise.(d) NO ERROR 
  6. (a) She is the kind of woman/(b) whom everybody knows/(c) is clever and talkative.(d) NO ERROR 
  7. (a) One of the terrorists/(b) of the kashmir valley/(c) are shot dead./(d) NO ERROR 
  8. (a) It is i/(b) who is to blame/(c)for this bad situation/(d) NO ERROR  
  9. (a) Knowledge of/(b) at least two languages/(c) are required to pass the examination/(d) NO ERROR  

 

ANSWERS

  1. (c) They were happy.
  2. (A) It being a rainy day should come .
  3. (A) Those will replace they.
  4. (A) Herself should be removed.
  5. (B) Their will remove its.
  6. (B) Who will replace whom.
  7. (C) Is will replace are.
  8. (B) Am will replace is.
  9. (C) Is will replace are.

QUIZ 1 FOR PRONOUN

QUIZ 1 FOR PRONOUN

  1. (a)He was /(b) amused when he came to/(c) know of him singing in the competition./(d)NO ERROR  
  2. 2.(a) one should follow/(b) his timetable in order/(c) to achieve success as early as possible/(d)NO ERROR  
  3. (a)It was me who won/(b) the football competition for/(c) our college for the first time/(d) in history of the college./(e)NO ERROR  
  4. (a)The cover of this book/(b) is beautiful than that book/(c) which is lying on the cupboard./(d)NO ERROR 
  5. (a)Both of them being first year/(b) student are not going/(c) to the college fresher party./(d)NO ERROR 
  6. (a) He is one of the boys/(b) who has won/(c) the hockey championship./(d) NO ERROR 
  7. (a) Dress designing houses/(b) are reducing its cost/(c) to attract more customers./(d) NO ERROR 
  8. (a) I and sonia/(b) will go for movie/(c) in the evening./(d) NO ERROR 
  9. (a) It is very difficult to decide/(b) who is the more beautiful of/(c) the two sisters./(d) NO ERROR 
  10. (a) A good friend of me/(b) has been working in/(c) google since 2008./(d) NO ERROR 

ANSWERS

  1. (c) His will replace him . Gerunds always take possessive adjectives with them
  2. (B) One’s will replace his.
  3. (A) I will replace me. IT > ANY FORM OF BE > SUBJECTIVE CASE
  4. (B) Than of that book
  5. (B) Not cannot be used with both.
  6. (B) Have will replace has.
  7. (B) Their will replace its.
  8. (A) Sonia and I is the correct order.
  9. (B) Which is used for selection so which will replace who.
  10. (A) Mine will replace me.

Quiz 1 for Coding Decoding

Quiz for Coding Decoding

Quiz for Coding Decoding

Question 1- On a certain logic PARAGLIDE is written as TWVWKHMZI. How is GAZETTED written in that code?

  1. KWDAPXIZ
  2. CEVAXPIZ
  3. KWDAXPIZ
  4. CEVDXAIZ
  5. None of these

 

Question 2- In a certain code language PASSION is written as QBTTJPO. How is CREATURE written in that code?

  1. BQDZSQTD
  2. BQDZSTQD
  3. DSFBVUSF
  4. DSFBUVSF
  5. None of these

 

Question 3- In a certain code language NATURAL is written as LARUTAN. How is STATUS written in that code?

  1. ATSTUS
  2. SUTATS
  3. SUTSTA
  4. ATSSUT
  5. None of these

 

Question 4- In a certain code language JOSEPH is written code SOJHPE. How will EDWINA be written in that code?

  1. WDEANI
  2. EDWANI
  3. WDEINA
  4. ANIWDE
  5. None of these

 

Question 5- In a certain code language BANGKOK  is written as OBCLPLH. How will be CERTAIN  be written in that code?

  1. RECNIAT
  2. SFDOJBU
  3. RECOJBU
  4. SFDNIAT
  5. None of these

 

Question 6- In a certain code language GASP is written as HBTQP, JUNK is written as KVOLK. How is WORKING written in that code?

  1. XPSLJOHG
  2. XPSJLOGH
  3. XPSJLOHG
  4. XPSLJOGH
  5. None of these

 

Question 7- In a certain code language GASP is written as HBRO, JUNK is written as KVMJ. How is DATE written in that code?

  1. CZUF
  2. EBSD
  3. FCVG
  4. CZSD
  5. None of these

 

Question 8- In a certain code language PARAGLIDE is written as 160118010712090405, PASSION is written as 14012021180112. How is GAZETTED written in that code?

  1. 0701262005200504
  2. 0701260520200504
  3. 0701052605202004
  4. 0701262005050420
  5. None the these

 

Question 9- In a certain code language LOGIC is written as 1116060202. How is CREATURE written in that code?

  1. 0219040219211706
  2. 0219040212917106
  3. 0219020419217106
  4. 0202190419217106
  5. None of these

 

Question 10- In a certain code language JACK is written as 25 and MENS is written as 51. How is MORE written in that code?

  1. 49
  2. 50
  3. 51
  4. 52
  5. None of these

 

Question 11- In a certain code language BORED is written as @#$?% and DIAR is written as %&+$. How is BRIDE written in that code?

  1. #$&%?
  2. @$&%?
  3. @#$?&
  4. #$%?&
  5. None of these

 

Question 12- In a certain code language 9 is written as A, 5 is E, 7 is N, 2 is R, 4 is T and 6 is U. How will NATURE be written in that code?

  1. 794625
  2. 796425
  3. 462795
  4. 245679

 

Question 13- In a certain code language ‘Man Like Swim’ is written as ‘ka je tu’, ‘Man No Goal’ is written as ‘po tu yo’ and ‘I Never Swim’ is written as ‘je na ti’. What is the code for ‘Like’?

 

  • ka
  • ti
  • tu
  • na

 

  1. None of these

 

Question 14- In a certain code language ‘Each Morning Is A New Beginning In Your Life’ is written as ‘Is In Your Life Each Beginning A New Morning’. How will ‘You Should Always Try To Make Your Parents Happy’ be written in that code?

  1. Should Parents Your Happy You Make Try Always To
  2. Always Parents Your Happy Should You Try Make To
  3. You Your Parents Always Try to Should Happy Make
  4. Always Your Parents Happy You Make Try To Should
  5. None of these

 

Question 15- In a certain code language LEVEL is written as 12 and MOTOR is written as 41. How will MAGIC be written in that language?

  1. 05
  2. 09
  3. 19
  4. 33
  5. None of these

 

Directions (Question 16-20)- Study the following information to answer the given questions.

In a certain code language ‘You Know No One’ is written as ‘ti ya bo pi’, ‘They Link You More’ is written as ‘ja pi ta ko’, ‘She Know This Too’ is written as ‘ke pu ti nu’ and ‘One She Should More’ is written as ‘pu ta ya me’

Question 16- How is ‘No’ written in that code?

   (A) ti

   (B) ya

   (C) bo

   (D) pi

   (E) Can’t be determined

Question 17- Which of the following statements is/are redundant to answer the above question?

  (A) None

  (B) (i) and (ii)

  (C) (ii) and (iv)

  (D) (I) and (iv)

  (E) None of these

 

Question 18- What is the code for ‘Know’?

  (A) ti

  (B) pi

  (C) ya

  (D) bo

  (E) None of these

 

Question 19- How is ‘This’ written in that code?

  (A) ke

  (B) pu

  (C) ti

  (D) nu

  (E) Can’t be determined

 

Question 20- What can be the code for ‘You’?

 (A) ja

 (B) pi

 (C) ta

 (D) ko

 (E) Can’t be determined

ANSWERS

1- (C) Coding pattern for the word is four steps forward and then four steps backward simultaneously.

 

2- (D) Coding pattern for the word is one step forward.

 

3- (B) Word is written in reverse order.

 

4- (A) The word is split in half and then written in reverse order.

 

5- (B) The word is split into set of 3 and 4 alphabets. Then written in reverse order with one step forward.

 

6- (A) The words are coded with one step forward and last letter of the word is added at the end of each respective code.

 

7- (B) First two letters are written one step forward and next two are written one step backward.

 

8- (B) Code is constructed by writing the alphabetical order of each letter in serial.

 

9- (A) Code is constructed by writing the alphabetical order of each letter one step backward in serial.

 

10- (C) Code is constructed by adding all the alphabetical order of the respective word.

 

11- (B) Each letter of the word is assigned a specific symbol. Letter R is common in both given words and it’s symbol is $. Follow the serial of letter in each word and at same place in coding will be its symbol.

 

12- (A) For each letter a digit is assigned, write them in serial as letters in the word.

 

13- (A) In the first two statements ‘Man’ is common and code ‘tu’ is common. So ‘tu’ is the code for ‘Man’. In statements one and three word ‘Swim’ is common and code ‘je’ is common, so ‘je’ is the code for ‘Swim’. In sentence one only word left is ‘Like’ and only code left is ‘ka”. So ‘ka’ is the code for ‘Like’.

 

14- (D) If each word of letter is to be taken in serial then new sentence is rewritten as serial of 3,7,8,9,1,6,4,5,2.

 

15- (C) Alphabetical order of middle letter is subtracted from addition of alphabetical order of first two and last two letters.

 

16- (C) In first and second statements word ‘You’ is common and code ‘pi’ is common, so ‘pi’ is the code for ‘You’. In first and third statement word ‘Know’ is common and code ‘ti’  is common so ‘ti’ is the code for word ‘Know’. In first and fourth statement word ‘One’ is common and code ‘ya’ is common, so ‘ya’ is the code for word ‘One’. Now in first statement only word left is ‘No’ and only code left is ‘bo’, so ‘bo’  is the code for word ‘No’.

 

17- (A) We had used each statement to find the code for ‘No’ so no statement can be redundant.

 

18- (A) We had already found the code for word ‘Know’ in question 16, which is ‘ti’.

 

19- (E) In statement three word ‘This’ and ‘Too’ are not common with any other statement, so we can not find which code exactly represents the word ‘This’.

 

20- (B) We had already found the code for word ‘You’ in the question 16 which is ‘pi’.

BY

PARIKALP SINGH

 

 

THE HINDU VOCAB FOR SSC CGL AND BANK EXAMS

THE HINDU VOCAB FOR SSC CGL AND BANK EXAMS

THE HINDU VOCAB FOR SSC CGL AND BANK EXAMS

 

Grim –  unpleasant or shocking to see or think about, causing feeling of sadness or worry (भयानक)

Grim – adjective

Synonyms – intimidating, fierce, brutal, cruel

Antonyms – gentle, mild, soft

 

Augurs –  to show or suggest something that might happen in the future (भविष्य बतलाना)

Synonyms – forecast, foreseer, fore teller

The decision doesn’t augur well.

Provenance – the history of ownership of a valued object or work of art or literature origin or source of something (उत्पत्तिस्थान)

Provenance– noun

Have you traced the provenances of this pottery art ?

 

Daunting – to make (someone) afraid or less confident (डरावना)

Daunting  transitive verb

Synonyms- discourage, demoralize

Antonym – embolden, encourage

Raman was not at all daunted by the SBI exam.

 

Miser – a person who hates to spend money (कंजूस)

Miser – noun

Synonyms – niggard, penny pincher, cheapskate, scrooge

There is no miser in this state.

 

Ponder – to think about or consider something carefully ,to think or consider deeply (सोचना)

Ponder – verb

Synonyms – mull, contemplate,perpend

She pondered again on the situation and decided her opinion.

 

Supercilious – having or showing the proud and unpleasant attitude of people who think that they are better or more important than other people (नकचढ़ा)

Synonyms – haughty,bumptious

She looked at her clothes and laughed superciliously.

She is behaving very superciliously.

 

Invincible – unbeatable , unconquerable, impossible to defeat or overcome (अजेय)

Invincible – noun

Synonyms –  indomitable, insurmountable

The continuous 5th time winning of Serena Williams proved that she is invincible.

 

 

 

ITS ALL ABOUT PHOBIAS

IT’S ALL ABOUT PHOBIAS

ITS ALL ABOUT PHOBIAS

Phobia –  an exaggerated usually inexplicable and illogical fear of a particular object, class of objects, or situation

Different types of Phobias 

Ablutophobia – Fear of bathing or washing

Acousticophobia – fear of noise or sometimes fear of a particular noise like crying

Acrophobia – fear of heights

Acarophobia –  a delusion that the skin is infested with small crawling organisms

Aerophobia – fear or strong dislike of flying

Agoraphobia –  fear of open spaces

Agyiophobia – fear of being in a busy street

Algophobia – fear of pain

Anglophobia – fear of English or England

Anthrophobia – fear of humans

Anuptaphobia – fear of being single

Aquaphobia – fear of water

Astrapophobia – fear of lightening

Atychiphobia – fear of failure

Automysophobia – fear of being dirty

Bathmophobia – fear of slopes and stairs

Bibliophobia – fear of books

 

Cancerophobia – fear of cancer

Cenophobia – fear of void or open places

Chrematophobia – fear or dislike for money

Claustrophobia – fear of closed places

Cynophobia – fear of dogs

 

Eleutherophobia – fear of freedom

Entomophobia – fear or dislike for insects

Eosophobia – fear of dawn

 

Gamophobia – fear of marriage

Gerascophobia – fear of aging or growing old

Glossophobia – fear of speaking in public

Gynophobia – fear of females

Heliophobia – fear of sunlight

Hemophobia – fear of blood

Hydrophobia – fear of water

Kleptophobia – fear of being stolen or stealing

katsaridaphobia – fear of cockroaches

 

Necrophobia – fear of death/dead

Nosophobia – fear of disease

Nyctophobia – fear of darkness or night

 

Potophobia/Methyphobia – Fear of alcohol

Pyrophobia – fear of fire

 

Tachophobia – Fear of speed

Tocophobia – fear of pregnancy or child birth

 

Xenophobia – fear of foreigners or strangers

THE HINDU VOCAB FOR SSC AND BANK EXAMS

THE HINDU VOCAB FOR SSC AND BANK EXAMS

THE HINDU VOCAB FOR SSC AND BANK EXAMS

Threshold – the point or level at which something begins or changes ( दहलीज़ )

Synonyms – edge, point, commencement, birth

We are (standing) at the threshold of a great adventure.

 

Scrutinya searching study, inquiry, or inspection , a searching look  ( छानबीन )

Scrutiny – noun

Synonyms – audit, inspection, scan

I was aware of his scrutiny so i avoided him.

 

Unraveling – to cause the separate threads of something to come apart ( सुलझाना )

Unravel – verb

Synonyms – disentangle,  unbraid, unweave

I unraveled the whole story clue by clue . 

 

Collude  to work with others secretly especially in order to do something illegal or Dishonest, to conspire साँठ-गाँठ करना )

Collude – verb

Synonyms- plot, conspire, connive, intrigue

She is colluding with her boss to decrease the salary hikes.

 

Tepid – bit warm, showing little excitement ( गुनगुना )

Tepid – adjective

Synonyms – halfhearted, lukewarm

she gave a tepid performance. 

 

Rifevery common and often bad or unpleasant prevalent especially to an increasing degree (प्रचलित)

Rife – adjective

Synonyms – common, widespread, abundant

Chain snatching is rife in tourist places.

 

Heinoushatefully or shockingly evil ,deserving of hate or contempt जघन्य )

Heinous – adjective

Synonyms – atrocious, evil, odious

 

He was murdered heinously in the backyard of his house.

 

Flamboyant having a very noticeable quality that attracts a lot of attention,excessively showy , marked by or given to strikingly elaborate or colorful display or behavior ( चमकीला )

Flamboyant – adjective

Synonyms – catchy, bodacious, conspicuous, gaudy, ostentatious

 

She is wearing flamboyant  clothes on his demise.

 

THE HINDU VOCAB FOR SSC AND BANK EXAMS

THE HINDU VOCAB FOR SSC AND BANK EXAMS

THE HINDU VOCAB FOR SSC AND BANK EXAMS

 

Devise –  to invent or plan (something that is difficult or complicated) आविष्कार करना )

Devise – verb

Synonyms – concoct, construct, contrive

She devised a new method for trigonometry.

 

Intermingle – to mix together (मिश्रण करना)

Intermingle – verb

Synonyms – combine, amalgamate, fuse,composite

Antonyms – separate, unmix

In her previous novel, she intermingled horror and romance.  

 

Succumb –  to stop trying to resist something , to die झुक जाना )

Succumb – verb

Synonyms – quit, submit, surrender

Antonyms – resist 

Try not to succumb to the pressure.

The victim succumbed in front of her mother.

 

Abate  –  to become weaker : to decrease in strength ( घटना )

Abate – verb

Synonyms – decrease, decline, die,diminish

Antonyms – amplify, enlarge, escalate

My excitement for trip abated immediately .

 

Probe – to ask a lot of questions in order to find secret or hidden information about someone or something ( जाँच पडताल करना )

Probe – verb

Synonyms – investigation, exploration, examination

She gave him a probing expression . 

 

Propriety –  behavior that is accepted as socially or morally correct and proper   ( शिष्टाचार )

Propriety – noun

Synonyms – Decorum, form, decency

Antonyms – indecency, indecorum

Her upbringing was totally according to propriety.

 

Dismal – showing or causing unhappiness or sad feelings : not warm, cheerful (निराशाजनक)

Dismal – adjective

Synonyms – cheerless, comfortless, depressing 

Antonyms – bright, cheerful, happy, elated, mirthful

Her dismal face irritated me a lot . 

 

Clarion – a medieval trumpet with clear shrill tones ( बिगुल )

Clarion – noun

 

Cumbersome – hard to handle or manage because of size or weight, complicated and hard to do ( भारी-भरकम,जटिल)

Cumbersome – noun/adjective

Synonyms – awkward, clumsy, cranky unmanageable

Antonyms – handy 

I made the way for the cumbersome package .

 

Refuge –  shelter or protection from danger or trouble (पनाह)

Refuge – noun

Synonyms – asylum, harbor,shelter

They were seeking refuge

 

THE HINDU VOCAB FOR SSC CGL AND BANK EXAMS

THE HINDU VOCAB FOR SSC CGL AND BANK EXAMS

 THE HINDU VOCAB FOR SSC CGL AND BANK EXAMS

Ushered – to lead (someone) to a place  (संचालन करना)

Usher – verb

Synonyms – conduct, direct, guide

Antonyms – follow , trail 

They ushered him towards the temple.

 

Hurled –  to throw (something) with force, to vomit  जोर से फेंकना )

Hurl – verb

Synonyms – cast , throw, project

He hurled the lamp on the door.

 

Zealot – a person who has very strong feelings about something (such as religion or politics) and who wants other people to have those feelings ( कट्टरपंथी )

Zealot – noun

Synonyms – crusader, fanatic,militant

Antonyms – nonmilitant

She is a dance zealot.

 

Hegemony –  influence or control over another country, a group of people, etc  (नेतृत्व)

Hegemony – noun

Synonyms – domination, supremacy, predominate

Antonyms – powerlessness, impotence

Their hegemony over the group helped them a lot during the riot.  

 

Discrepancy – a difference especially between things that should be the same (अंतर)

Discrepancy – noun

Synonyms – contrast, disagreement, difference

Antonyms – likeness, analogy, similarities

There is little discrepancy in both the project reports.

 

 

Bewildered – to confuse (someone) very much ( घबराया हुआ )

Bewilder – verb

Synonyms – baffle, bamboozle, perplex

Antonyms – assure, satisfy,enlighten

She bewildered me with her expressions.

 

Cohort – a friend or companion, a group of people used in a study who have something (such as age or social class) in common  ( दल )

Cohort – noun

Synonyms – companion, comrade, fellow

Muscle pain is a common problem in that age cohort.

 

Supercilious –  having or showing the proud and unpleasant attitude of people who think that they are better or more important than other people  नकचढ़ा )

Supercilious – adjective

Synonyms – Bumptious , Arrogant, haughty

Antonyms – Humble, modest 

Supercilious girl 

 

Contrition –  the state of feeling sorry for bad behavior , the state of being contrite ( पछतावा )

Contrition – noun

Synonyms – Guilt , penitence, regret , remorse

Antonyms – impenitence, remorselessness

No need to feel contrition now .

 

Mirth – happiness and laughter (प्रसन्नता)

Mirth – noun

Synonyms – cheerfulness, festivity, gleefulness

Antonyms – Depression,  sadness, sorrow

He was in a mirthful mood.