• ECONOMIC  PLANNING

    Aug 6 • Uncategorized • 162 Views

     

    ECONOMIC  PLANNING

    • Planning is an economic mechanism for resource allocation and decision making.
    • It is the process in which the limited natural resources are used skillfully to achieve the desired goals.
    • It refers to any directing or planning of economic activity outside the mechanisms of the market.
    • The economic planning has been going on great since independence.
    • It has played a major role in the development of the country and led India become self sufficient.
    • The concept of economic planning in India is derived from the USSR ( now Russia).
    • Five year plan were implanted in the soviet union (USSR) in the year 1920.
    • IN India, the objectives and social premises of planning is derived from the Directive Principle of State Policy (DPSP) enshrined in the constitution.
    • Father of Indian Planning:- M. Visvesvaraya
    • The proposal relating to economic planning came for first time in 1934, in the book of Vishveshwaraiya titled “planned economy for India”. After that All India congress committee demanded for the same in 1938.
    • In 1944 , under Bombay Plan effort were made by 8 industrialists.
    • In 1944 , Gandhian Plan was given by Shriman Narayan Agarwal.
    • In 1945, People’s Plan was presented by N Roy.
    • In 1950, Sarvodaya Plan was presented by P Narayan.
    • After independence in 1947, the committee on economic planning was setup under the chairmanship of Pandit Jawaharwal Nehru. On the recommendation of this committee , Planning commission was setup in March 1950 ( now Planning commission changed into NITI Aayog on 1january 2015.)and format of first five year plan was prepared in 1951.

    Type of Planning:-

    1. Imperative Planning:-
    • It is mainly exercised in the socialist economies.
    • In this, the Central Planning authority decides upon every aspect of the economy and set the targets.
    1. Indicative Planning:-
    • In this, the state set broad parameters and goals of the economy.
    • Since the 8th five year plan India adopted this type of planning.
    1. Perspective Planning:-
    • This type of planning is used for long period of time generally 15 to 20 years.
    • It is operationalised through the five year & annual plan.

     

     

    1. Rolling Plan:-
    • When janata party came to power in 1977-78, it rejected the 5th five year plan and decided to introduced a new 6th five year plan (1978-80),called rolling plan. And this plan was again rejected by congress in 1980 and new 6th plan was made by congress government.
    • Rolling plan consisted of three different plan:
    • Current :- a plan for the current year which includes the annual budget.
    • Fixed :- a plan for the fixed number of years like 3-4-5 years. And it is revised according to need of economy.
    • Long term :- also called perspective plan and used for long period like 10- 15 -20 years.

    The National Development Council (NDC):-

    • set up on August 6, 1952.
    • It gives final approval to plans in India.
    • Member– The Prime Minister (its chairman). And all the Chief Ministers of the States, Lt. Governors of Union Territories, all Union Cabinet Ministers and other Planning Commission members (now NITI Aayog) are its members.

     

     

     

     

    Plans Year Remarks/Objectives Target Growth rate Actual Growth
    Ist 1951-

    1956

    Based on Harrod-Domar Model, Focus on Agriculture development, price stability, power and transport. Community Development Programme (CDP) and Family Planning Programme (FPP) were launched in 1952,National Extension Service (NES) was launched in 1953.Important multipurpose projects in India like Bhakra Nangal, Hirakud and Damodar Valley projects werealso launched.

     

     

     

     

    2.1% 3.6%
     

    2nd

     

    1956-

    1961

     

    Based on Mahalanobis model(propounded by the      famous Prasanta Chandra Mahalanobis ). Focus on public sector & heavy & basic industries, Industrial policy 1956.The three important steel plants of India were built during this Plan period. They are Durgapur (West Bengal) with British help, Bhilai (Chhattisgarh) with Russian help and Rourkela (Orissa) with German help.

     

     

    4.5%

     

     

    4.3%

    3rd 1961-

    1966

    to make India a ‘self-reliant’ and’self-generating’ economy, agriculture was given top priority to support the exports and industry , Plan failed because India-china war in 1962, Drought in 1965, war with Pakistan in 1965-66 5.6% 2.8%
    Three Annual Plans 1966-

    67,

    1967-

    68,

    1968-69

    Due to miserable failure of the Third Plan the government was forced to declare plan holidays, Green Revolution
    4th 1969-

    1974

    Indira Gandhi-PM, Nationalization of banks,India- Pak war in 1971, Nuclear test in 1974, Gadgil formula 5.7% 3.3%
    5th 1974-

    1979

    Prepared by DP Dhar, High inflation, Removal of poverty (Garibi Hatao), Self Reliance, Emergency in 4.4% 4.8%

     

     

     

    1975. In 1978 Janata Party Govt-Morarji Desai-PM rejected the 5th plan
    Rolling plan 1978-

    1980

    Focus on employment. This plan was again rejected by the Congress Government in 1980
    6th 1980-

    1985

    focus on  Increase in national income, modernization of technology, ensuring continuous decrease in poverty and unemployment,Population control 5.2% 5.7%
    7th 1985-

    1990

    aimed at accelerating food grain production, increasing employment opportunities & raising productivity with focus on ‘food, work & productivity’.        . 5% 6%
    Annual plans 1990-

    1992

    Crisis of foreign exchange, Beginning of  liberalization ,privatization and globalization` in India.
    8th 1992-

    1997

    Worsening balance of payment position,rising debts, widening budget deficit, recession in industry, India became member of WTO in 1995, high growth of agriculture and allied sector,and manufacturing sector, growth in exports and imports 5.6% 6.8%
    9th 1997-

    2002

    Started on completion of 50 years of independence, focus on “Growth With Social Justice & Equality, Focus on 7 basic minimum services 6.5% 5.4%
    10th 2002-

    2007

    Employment generation. 5 crores Jobs creation target, States role in planning was increased with greater involvement of Panchayati Raj Institutions 8% 7.6%
    11th 2007-

    2012

    Objective: Faster & More Inclusive Growth 9% 8%
    12th 2012-

    2017

    Objective: Faster, Sustainable, and More Inclusive Growth 9%

     

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  • PASSIVE VOICE FOR SSC CGL

    Aug 4 • English, SSC Exam, SSC notes • 473 Views

    PASSIVE VOICE FOR SSC CGL

    PASSIVE VOICE FOR SSC CGL

    Active Voice

    In Active voice the subject performs the action on the object .

    General formula – Sub + verb + Obj

     

    Passive Voice

    In Passive voice the verb expresses the object on which the action is done by the object.

    General formula – Obj + Helping verb + V3 + By + Sub

     

    When we use passive voice ?

    We generally use passive voice in those sentences –

     

    Where the action matters and not the doer

     

             The old lady was declared dead.

     

    Where the doer of the action is either unknown or irrelevant .

     

             The whole slum was shifted to the new defence colony .

    When the subject itself can’t do the action .

     

     

              Trees were planted on the World Environment Day .

     

    INDEFINITE TENSE

     

    TENSE ACTIVE VOICE PASSIVE VOICE
    SIMPLE PRESENT SUB + V1 + OBJ OBJ + IS/AM/ARE + V3 + BY + SUB
    SIMPLE PAST SUB + V2 + OBJ OBJ + WAS/WERE + V3 + BY + SUB
    SIMPLE FUTURE SUB + SHALL/WILL + V1 + OBJ OBJ + SHALL/WILL + BE + V3 + BY + SUB

     

    ACTIVE SENTENCES                                                        PASSIVE SENTENCES

     

    The boss fired her .                                                                        She was fired .

    I will not accept his proposal .                                                 His proposal will not be

                                                                                                                  accepted by me .

    She receive the award with dignity .                                   The award is received by

                                                                                                                her with dignity .

    She learns dance here.                                                             Dance is learnt here by her.

    The housekeeper cleaned the mess.                                   The mess was cleaned .

    IMPORTANT POINTS TO REMEMBER

    1. In the first and last sentence we have not used “by + subject” and the reason behind this is many actions are done by a particular person only like –

    1. Only a boss can fire employee

    2. Generally a housekeeper or cleaner cleans the mess

    So in such sentences “by + subject” is not required.

     

    NOTE

    We can’t convert a sentence in passive voice in which any form of “be” is used as the main verb of the sentence .

    I was busy at that time.   (active voice)

    (main verb)

    The passive voice of the above sentence is not possible.

     

    CONTINUOUS TENSE

     

    TENSE ACTIVE VOICE PASSIVE VOICE
    PRESENT CONTINUOUS SUB + IS/AM/ARE + V1 + ing + OBJ OBJ + IS/AM/ARE + BEING + V3 + BY + SUB
    PAST CONTINUOUS SUB + WAS/WERE + V1 + ing + OBJ OBJ + WAS/WERE + BEING + V3 + BY + SUB

     

    NOTE    

    Passive voice of future continuous is not possible.  

    Active                                                                              Passive

    She was writing the letter .                        The letter was being written by her.      

    He is giving water to plants.                      The plant are being given water by him .

    They are expecting the announcement .  The announcement is being expected by them.

     

    PERFECT TENSE

     

    TENSE ACTIVE VOICE PASSIVE VOICE
    PRESENT PERFECT SUB + HAS/HAVE + V3 + OBJ OBJ + HAS/HAVE + BEEN + V3 + BY + SUB
    PAST PERFECT SUB + HAD + V3 + OBJ OBJ + HAS/HAVE + BEEN + V3 + BY + SUB
    FUTURE  PERFECT SUB + SHALL/WILL + HAVE + V3 + OBJ OBJ +SHALL/WILL + HAVE + BEEN + V3 + BY + SUB

     

    Active                                                                              Passive

    She has received the parcel .                                       The parcel has been received by her .

    She will have created the file by that time.               The file will have been created by her by          

                                                                                               That time .

    They had left the village before the sun rose.          The village had been left by them

                                                                                                 before the sun rose.

     

    NOTE (TO +V1)

     

    SUB + HAS/HAVE/HAD + TO + V1 + OBJ – ACTIVE VOICE

    OBJ +  HAS/HAVE/HAD + TO + BE + V3 + SUB – PASSIVE VOICE

    You have to complete this target on time. (Active voice)

    This target has to be completed by you on time. (Passive voice)

    She has to find the research papers from the company. (Active voice)

    The research papers have to be found by her from the company. (Passive voice)

     

    IMPERATIVE SENTENCES

    Requests, suggestions, advice and commands are expressed through imperative sentences. Usually the subject is not mentioned in such sentences and the listener is the subject here.

     

    Basically imperative sentence are of 3 types –

    1. With object

    Pass the book . (active voice)

    Let the book be passed . (passive voice)

                 Or

    You are ordered to pass the book.

     

    General formula – Let + obj + be + v3

                                      Or

                                You are ordered/requested/forbidden/suggested + to + v1 + object  

     

    1. Without object

    Get lost . (active voice)

    You are ordered to get lost . (passive voice)

     

    General formula –  You are ordered/requested/forbidden/suggested + to + v1 + object  

     

    1. Imperative sentences involving moral suggestions.

    Respect the elder . (active voice)

    The elders should be respected. (passive voice)

    General formula – obj + should + be + V3

     

    PASSIVE VOICE WITH MODALS

     

    ACTIVE VOICE PASSIVE VOICE
    SUB + MODAL + V1 + OBJ OBJ + MODAL + BE + V3 + BY + SUB
    SUB + MODQAL + HAVE + V3 + OBJ OBJ + MODAL + HAVE +BEEN + V3 + BY + SUB

     

    NOTE

    Passive voice of modal continuous is not possible.

     

    LINKING VERBS

    Linking verbs are always followed by adjectives.

     

    The food tastes delicious.     (active voice)

                             (Adjective)

     

    The food is delicious when it is tasted  (passive voice)

     

    General formula – SUB + VERB + ADJECTIVE + WHEN + PRONOUN + HELPING VERB + V3

     

    Perfume smells fruity. (active voice)

    The perfume is fruity when it is smelt . (passive voice)

     

    Some of the linking verbs are –

    Appear, be, become, feel. Get, look,  remain, seem, smell, sound, stay, taste, turn

     

    INTERROGATIVE SENTENCES

     

    Basically there are two types of interrogative sentences –

     

     

    • The one that start with helping verbs

     

     

    Has he removed the file from the desktop ? (active voice)

    Has the file been removed by him from the desktop ? (passive voice)

     

    Start the sentence with the helping verb which goes with the object of the sentence.

     

    1. The one that start with question words (what, why, when, where, why, how).

     

    Why have you removed the file from the desktop ? (active voice)

    Why have the fle been removed by you from the desktop ? (passive voice)

     

    Start the sentence with the question word only.

     

    PREVIOUS YEARS QUESTIONS OF VOICE

     

    In the following questions, sentences have been given in Active/Passive Voice. Out of the four alternatives suggested, select the one which best expresses the same meaning  in Passive/Active Voice.  

     

    1. Rohit had written an essay on ‘Pollution’.

    1) An essay on ‘Pollution’ was written by Rohit.

    2) An essay on ‘Pollution’ had been written by Rohit.

    3) An essay on ‘Pollution’ wrote Rohit.

    4) An essay on ‘Pollution’ have been written by Rohit

     

    1. He had already torn the pages of the book.

    1) The pages of the book has already been torn by him.

    2) The pages of the book have already been torn by him.

    3) The pages of the book had already been torn by him.

    4) The pages of the book had already torn by him.

     

    3.This word cannot be uttered by a sane man

    1) A sane man did not utter this word.

    2) A sane man will not utter this word.

    3) A sane man cannot utter the word.

    4) A sane man cannot utter this word.

     

    1. The national anthem is being sung by Jason.

    1) Jason was singing the national anthem.

    2) Jason is singing the national anthem.

    3) Jason sings the national anthem.

    4) Jason has sung the national anthem.

    Correct Answer: Jason is singing the national anthem.

     

    5.Can he complete the job in three weeks?

    1) Can he in three weeks complete the job ?

    2) Can’t the job be completed by him in three weeks ?

    3) Can the job be completed by him in three weeks ?

    4) He cannot complete the job in three weeks ?

     

    1. Grid failure brings five hundred trains to a halt.

    1) Five hundred trains are being brought to a halt by grid failure.

    2) Five hundred trains are brought to a halt by grid failure.

    3) Five hundred trains were brought to a halt by grid failure.

    4) Five hundred trains had been brought to a halt by grid failure.

     

    1. The teacher was pleased with his recitation.

    1) His recitation pleases the teacher.

    2) His recitation pleased the teacher.

    3) His recitation will please the teacher.

    4) His recitation has pleased the teacher.

     

    1. We saw her singing at her work.

    1) Her singing was seen by us at her work.

    2) Her singing was seen at her work by us.

    3) She was seen being sung at her work by us.

    4) She was seen singing at her work.

     

    1. They will help us with money.

    1) We will be helped by them with money.

    2) We should be helped by them with money.

    3) We must be helped by them with money.

    4) We could be helped by them with money.

     

    1. I was asked my name.

    1) My name was asked for.

    2) They asked me my name.

    3) They asked my name from me.

    4) My name was asked.

     

    1. Kamala was told the bad news as soon as she arrived.

    1) Someone had told Kamala the bad news as soon as she arrived.

    2) Some is telling Kamala the bad news as soon as she arrived.

    3) Someone told Kamala the bad news as soon as she arrived.

    4) Someone has told Kamala the bad news as soon as she arrived.

     

    1. The girl’s death has opened a can of worms.

    1) A can of worms is being opened by the girl’s death.

    2) A can of worms has been opened by the girl’s death.

    3) A can of worms are being opened by the girl’s death.

    4) A can of worms were being opened by the girl’s death.

     

    1. By that time tomorrow, they would have completed the work allotted to them.

    1) By that time tomorrow, the work allotted to them would be completed by them.

    2) By that time tomorrow, the work allotted to them would complete by them.

    3) By that time tomorrow, the work allotted to them would be complete by them.

    4) By that time tomorrow, the work allotted to them would have been completed by them.

     

    1. While I was on holiday, my camera was stolen from my hotel room.

    1) While I was on holiday, somebody stole my camera from my hotel room.

    2) While I was on holiday, my camera had been stolen from my hotel room.

    3) While I was on holiday, they steal my camera from my hotel room.

    4) While I was on holiday, they had stolen my camera from my hotel room.

     

    1. Do all the necessary tests soon.

    1) All the necessary tests may be done soon.

    2) Let all the necessary tests be done soon.

    3) Let all the necessary tests were done soon.

    4) All the necessary tests have to be done soon.

     

    1. She had locked the door, before she left.

    1) She locks the door, before she leaves.

    2) She locked the door and left.

    3) The door was locked by her, before she took leave.

    4) The door had been locked by her, before she left.

     

    1. Bravery and loyalty were rewarded by the king.

    1) Reward was given for bravery and loyalty.

    2) The King rewarded bravery and loyalty.

    3) The king gave a reward for a bravery and loyalty.

    4) For loyalty and bravery it is said that the king gave reward.

     

    18.I remember them taking me to the zoo.

    1) I remember having being taken to the zoo.

    2) I remember to be taken to the zoo.

    3) I remember being taken to the zoo.

    4) I remember I was taken to the zoo.

     

    1. Who has destroyed Nagasaki?

    1) By whom Nagasaki have been destroyed?

    2) By whom has Nagasaki been destroyed?

    3) By whom Nagasaki had been destroyed?

    4) By whom Nagasaki has been destroyed?

     

    1. Arun has written a newspaper report on the inauguration of Delhi Metro Railways.

    1) A newspaper report on the inauguration of Delhi Metro Railways have been written by Arun.

    2) A newspaper report on the inauguration of Delhi Metro Railways had been written by Arun.

    3) A newspaper report on the inauguration of Delhi Metro Railways is written by Arun.

    4) A newspaper report on the inauguration of Delhi Metro Railways has been written by Arun.

     

    1. The old owl will listen to the squirrel’s problems, patiently.

    1) The squirrel’s problems shall be listened patiently by the old owl.

    2) The squirrel’s problems will be listened to patiently by the old owl.

    3) The squirrel’s problems would be listened patiently by the old owl.

    4) The squirrels problems should be listened patiently by the old owl.

     

    1. Parents elected him the chairman of PTA as he was the only talented contestant.

    1) He was elected the chairman of PTA by parents as he was the only talented contestant.

    2) He had been elected the chairman of PTA by parents as he was the only talented contestant.

    3) He have been elected the chairman of PTA by parents as he is the only talented contestant.

    4) He is elected the chairman of PTA by parents as he was the only talented contestant. Correct Answer: He was elected the chairman of PTA by parents as he was the only talented contestant.

     

    1. The movie will create tension in the Indian society.

    1) Tension would be created in the Indian society by the movie.

    2) The tension shall be created in the Indian society by the movie.

    3) Tension will be created in the Indian society by the movie.

    4) The tension can be created in the Indian society by the movie.

     

    24.Late arrival of the Gomati Express created confusion among the passengers.

    1) Confusion has been created among passengers due to the late arrival of the Gomati Express.

    2) Confusion have been created among passengers due to the late arrival of the Gomati Express.

    3) Confusion was created among passengers due to the late arrival of the Gomati Express.

    4) Confusion is created among passengers due to the late arrival of the Gomati Express.

     

    1. The scorpion stung the farmer.

    1) The farmer was stung by the scorpion.

    2) The farmer had been stung by the scorpion.

    3) The farmer is stung by the scorpion.

    4) The farmer has been stung by the scorpion.

    Correct Answer: The farmer was stung by the scorpion.

     

    Answers

     

    • An essay on ‘Pollution’ had been written by Rohit.

     

    1. The pages of the book had already been torn by him.
    2. A sane man cannot utter this word
    3. Jason is singing the national anthem.
    4. Can the job be completed by him in three weeks ?
    5. Five hundred trains are brought to a halt by grid failure.
    6. His recitation pleased the teacher.
    7. She was seen singing at her work.
    8. We will be helped by them with money.
    9. hey asked me my name.
    10. Someone told Kamala the bad news as soon as she arrived.
    11. A can of worms has been opened by the girl’s death.
    12. By that time tomorrow, the work allotted to them would have been completed by them.  
    13. While I was on holiday, somebody stole my camera from my hotel room.
    14.  Let all the necessary tests be done soon
    15. The door had been locked by her, before she left.
    16. The King rewarded bravery and loyalty.
    17. I remember being taken to the zoo.
    18.  By whom has Nagasaki been destroyed?
    19. A newspaper report on the inauguration of Delhi Metro Railways has been written by Arun.
    20. The squirrel’s problems will be listened to patiently by the old owl.
    21. He was elected the chairman of PTA by parents as he was the only talented contestant.
    22. Tension will be created in the Indian society by the movie.
    23. Confusion was created among passengers due to the late arrival of the Gomati Express.
    24. Confusion was created among passengers due to the late arrival of the Gomati Express.

     

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  • Current Affairs From The Hindu Month June 2017

    Current Affairs From The Hindu Month June 2017

    Aug 4 • Indian History, Indian Polity, SSC Exam, UPSC Exam • 244 Views

    Current Affairs From The Hindu Month June 2017

    1. Current Affairs from The Hindu 01 JUNE 2017
    2. Current Affairs from The Hindu 02 JUNE 2017
    3. Current Affairs from The Hindu 03 JUNE 2017
    4. Current Affairs from The Hindu 04 JUNE 2017
    5. Current Affairs from The Hindu 05 JUNE 2017
    6. Current Affairs from The Hindu 06 JUNE 2017
    7. Current Affairs from The Hindu 07 JUNE 2017
    8. Current Affairs from The Hindu 08 JUNE 2017
    9. Current Affairs from The Hindu 09 JUNE 2017
    10. Current Affairs from The Hindu 10 JUNE 2017
    11. Current Affairs from The Hindu 12 JUNE 2017
    12. Current Affairs from The Hindu 13 JUNE 2017
    13. Current Affairs from The Hindu 14 JUNE 2017
    14. Current Affairs from The Hindu 15 JUNE 2017
    15. Current Affairs from The Hindu 16 JUNE 2017
    16. Current Affairs from The Hindu 17 JUNE 2017
    17. Current Affairs from The Hindu 18 JUNE 2017
    18. Current Affairs from The Hindu 19 JUNE 2017
    19. Current Affairs from The Hindu 20 JUNE 2017
    20. Current Affairs from The Hindu 21 JUNE 2017
    21. Current Affairs from The Hindu 22 JUNE 2017
    22. Current Affairs from The Hindu 23 JUNE 2017
    23. Current Affairs from The Hindu 24 JUNE 2017
    24. Current Affairs from The Hindu 25 JUNE 2017
    25. Current Affairs from The Hindu 26 JUNE 2017
    26. Current Affairs from The Hindu 27 JUNE 2017
    27. Current Affairs from The Hindu 28 JUNE 2017
    28. Current Affairs from The Hindu 29 JUNE 2017
    29. Current Affairs from The Hindu 30 JUNE 2017

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  • DAILY VOCABULARY 1

    Aug 1 • English, SSC Exam, SSC notes • 323 Views

    DAILY VOCABULARY 1

     

    A large no.of pious people mustered to bolster the neophyte. But the obstinate moron gave an obscene performance which mutilated his career and the show was panned by the pivotal critics.

     

    PIOUS – deeply religious, devoted to a particular religion

    (adjective)

    Synonyms –  dedicated, devoted, loyal, good

    Antonyms –  disloyal, faithless, false, fickle, inconstant

     

    MUSTERED– to gather together (a group of people, soldiers, etc.)

    (verb)          to work hard to find or get (courage, support, etc.), an act of assembling

    Synonyms – gathering, assembly, meeting

     

    BOLSTER – to support or strengthen, to hold up or serve as a foundation for

    (verb)

            

    Synonyms – support, uphold, brace

    Antonyms – to weaken something 

     

    NEOPHYTE – a person who has just started learning or doing something

    (noun)       

       

    Synonyms- proselyte, beginner

    Antonyms –  expert, master, professional, veteran 

     

    OBSTINATE –  refusing to change behaviour or ideas , stubborn

    (adjective)  

       

    Synonyms – adamant , bullheaded, hardheaded, immovable, obdurate

    Antonyms – acquiescent, agreeable, amenable, compliant

     

    MORON – a very stupid or foolish person

    (noun)

     

     

    OBSCENE –  very offensive in usually a shocking way

    (adjective)   abhorrent to morality or virtue

    Synonyms- bawdy, indecent, lewd, vulgar

    Antonyms –  clean, decent, non obscene

     

    MUTILATE– to cause severe damage to

    (verb)

         

    Synonyms – cripple, disable, incapacitate

    Antonyms –  heal, rehabilitate  

     

    PAN –  to criticize (a book, movie, play, etc.) severely

    (verb)

     

    PIVOTAL – central and most important

    (adjective)

    Synonyms –  critical, key, crucial, vital

    Antonyms –  insignificant, minor, trivial, unimportant

     

     

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  • D. I. QUIZ 4

    Jul 30 • Uncategorized • 98 Views

    QUIZ 4

     

    Directions (1-6) : study the following table carefully and answer the given questions.

                                   Population abstract of country “x”

     

    states Total population Rural : urban Male : female Literate : illiterate % graduates out of literates
    maharashtra 2250000 28  :  17 23  :  22 5  :  3 48
    Madhya pradesh 1642000 5  :  3 5  :  3 3  :  1 35
    odisha 1136000 11  :  5 9  :  7 11  :  5 38
    West bengal 2480000 18  :  13 21  :  19 20  :  11 42
    Tamil nadu 2050000 16  :  9 13  :  12 3  :  2 56
    uttarakhand 248000 5  :  3 9  :  7 3  :  1 44
    jharkhand 960000 17  :  7 11  :  9 4  :  1 32

     

    Q 1 : urban population of jharkhand and west bengal together is what percent of the total population of these two states ?

    1. 38.37
    2. 34.37
    3. 36.37
    4. 33.37
    5. none of these

     

    Q 2: approximately by what percent is the urban population of odisha less than its rural population ?

    1. 50
    2. 55
    3. 58
    4. 48
    5. none of these

     

    Q 3 : what percent of total population of maharashtra, tamil nadu, madhya pradesh and uttarakhand together is illiterate ?

    1. 35
    2. 36
    3. 37
    4. 38
    5. 39

     

    Q 4 : what is the difference between number of graduates from odisha and west bengal together and madhya pradesh and uttarakhand together ?

    1. 465915
    2. 455915
    3. 475915
    4. 457915
    5. none of these

     

    Q 5 : what is the total number of graduate from tamil nadu, jharkhand, madhya pradesh, odisha and maharashtra together ?

    1. 2338365
    2. 2538365
    3. 2438365
    4. 2337365
    5. none of these

     

    Q 6: what is the ratio between total female population of tamil nadu, madhya pradesh and west bengal together and total male population of these three states together respectively ?

    1. 11111  :  13577
    2. 13577  :  11111
    3. 111  :  135
    4. 1111  :  1357
    5. none of these

    Direction (24-28) : study the following table to answer the given questions.

     

                    Center and post wise number of candidates

     

    center post clerk Field officer supervisor Specialist officer
    bangalore 2000 5000 50 2050 750
    delhi 15000 17000 160 11000 750
    mumbai 1700 19500 70 7000 900
    hyderabad 3500 20000 300 9000 1150
    kolkata 14900 17650 70 1300 1200
    lucknow 11360 15300 30 1500 650
    chennai 9000 11000 95 1650 500

     

    Q 7: which center has highest number of candidates ?

    1. Delhi
    2. Kolkata
    3. Hyderabad
    4. Mumbai
    5. None of these

     

    Q 8: which center has 300% more number of clarks as compared to bangalore?

    1. Lucknow
    2. Mumbai
    3. Hyderabad
    4. Chennai
    5. None of these

     

    Q 9: what is the difference between total number of officers and clerks?

    1. 29680
    2. 34180
    3. 32690
    4. 28680
    5. None of these

     

    Q 10: in kolkata number specialist officer is approximately what percent of that of officers?

    1. 8.7%
    2. 9%
    3. 6.5%
    4. 8%
    5. 6.9%

     

    ANSWER KEY

     

    1. 1 2. 2 3. 1 4. 2 5. 4 6. 1 7.4 8.3 9.4 10.2

     

    Solutions

     

    1. urban population of jharkhand and west bengal together of the total population of these two states = 38.37 (ANS)

     

    1.  approximately by the urban population of odisha less than its rural population = 55 (ANS)

     

    1. percent of total population of maharashtra, tamil nadu, madhya pradesh and uttarakhand together is illiterate = 35 (ans)

     

    1.  the difference between number of graduates from odisha and west bengal together and madhya pradesh and uttarakhand together = 455915 (ans)

     

    1. the total number of graduate from tamil nadu, jharkhand, madhya pradesh, odisha and maharashtra together = 2337365 (ans)

     

    1.  the ratio between total female population of tamil nadu, madhya pradesh and west bengal together and total male population of these three states together respectively = 11111  :  13577

    (ans)

     

    1. center has highest number of candidates = Mumbai (ans)

     

    1. center has 300% more number of clarks as compared to bangalore = Hyderabad (ans)

     

    1.  the difference between total number of officers and clerks = 28680 (ans)

     

    1.  in kolkata number specialist officer is approximately what percent of that of officers = 9% (ans)

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  • D.I. quiz 3

    Jul 30 • Uncategorized • 60 Views

     

    Quiz 3

     

    direction (1-5) : study the pie chart carefully to answer the questions that follow:

     

       Percentage-wise break up of students in terms of specialisation in mba

        Total no of student = 8000

                                                                                      

     

    Q 1: what is the total number of students having specialisation in ir, marketing and it ?

    1. 4640
    2. 4080
    3. 4260
    4. 4400
    5. None of these

     

    Q 2: student having ib as specialisation form approximately what percent of students having marketing as specialisation?

    1. 116%
    2. 86%
    3. 124%
    4. 74%
    5. 65%

     

    Q 3: what is the total number of students having ib as specialisation?

    1. 1520
    2. 1280
    3. 1360
    4. 1120
    5. None of these

     

    Q 4: what is the respective ratio of the students having finance as specialization to that of students having hr as specialisation?

    1. 11:19
    2. 18:13
    3. 6:7
    4. 12:21
    5. None of these

     

    Q 5: student having ir as specialisation forms approximately what percent of student having hr as specialisation?

    1. 87%
    2. 106%
    3. 76%
    4. 62%
    5. 114%

     

    direction(6-10) : study the following table carefully to answer these questions.

    Number of workers employed in six units of a factory during the years.

     

    Unite year a b c d e f
    1998 145 88 115 120 140 136
    1999 128 76 122 112 152 132
    2000 136 96 132 124 158 140
    2001 183 92 125 135 166 126
    2002 160 107 140 118 170 146
    2003 152 110 148 128 175 150

     

    Q 6 : in the year 2000 the number of employed workers by unity ‘c’ is what percent of the total number of employed works by all the unites in the same year ?

    1. 16.39
    2. 17.21
    3. 16.88
    4. 17.31
    5. None of these

     

    Q 7: For all the given years, what is the difference between the average number of workers in unites d and e ?

    1. 37
    2. 33
    3. 3323
    4. 3713
    5. None of these

     

    Q 8: In which year the percentage increase/decrease in the number of employed workers is minimum for unite ‘f’ ?

    1. 1999
    2. 2000
    3. 2002
    4. 2003
    5. None of these

    Q 9 : for all the given years. In which unite the average number of employed workers wear maximum ?

    1. D
    2. A
    3. C
    4. E
    5. None of these

    Q 10: in the years 1998 and approximate ratio between the number of employed workers in all the units ?

    1. 13:14
    2. 37:36
    3. 10:9
    4. 13:11
    5. 4:3

     

    ANSWER KEY

     

    1.4 2. 2 3. 1 4. 3 5. 5 6. 5 7. 4 8. 4 9. 4 10. 2

     

    Solutions

     

    1. 8000*55%= 4400(ans)

     

    1. 19/22*100= 86%(ans)

     

    1.   800*19/100= 1520 (ans)

     

    1. 12/14= 6:7 (ans)

     

    1. 16/14*100= 114%(ans)
    2. 132/(136+96+132+124+158+140)*100= 17.46(ans)

     

    1. For all the given years, what is the difference between the average number of workers in unites d and e = 37.5(ans)

     

    .8.  the number of employed workers is minimum for unite ‘f’= 2003 (ans)

     

    1. the average number of employed workers wear maximum = E

     

    1.  in the years 1998 and approximate ratio between the number of employed workers in all the units= 37 : 36 (ans)

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  • Current Affairs From The Hindu Month July 2017

    Current Affairs From The Hindu Month July 2017

    Jul 30 • economics, Indian History, Indian Polity, SSC Exam, UPSC Exam • 231 Views

    Current Affairs From The Hindu Month July 2017

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    31. Current Affairs from The Hindu 31 JULY 2017

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  • Alphabetical Series :- SSC Reasoning

    Jul 30 • Uncategorized • 158 Views

    Alphabetical Series :- SSC Reasoning

    Directions (1-40) :- In each of the following questions, various terms of a letter series are given, with one term missing as shown by (?). Choose the missing term out of the given alternatives.

    1. FLP, INS, LPV, ?

    A) ORY

    B) UXZ

    C) VXY

    D) SVW

     

    2. AZ, CX, FU, ?

    A) IR

    B) IV

    C) JQ

    D) KP

     

    3. AZ, GT, MN, ?, YB

    A) KF

    B) RX

    C) SH

    D) TS

    4. BF, CH, ?, HO, LT

    A) DN

    B) EL

    C) EK

    D) EM

     

    5. JE, LH, OL, SQ, ?

    A) WV

    B) WX

    C) VW

    D) XW

     

    6. CAT, FDW, IGZ, ?

    A) KJA

    B) KTC

    C) LHD

    D) LJC

     

    7. BEH, KNQ, TWZ, ?

    A) IJL

    B) CFI

    C) BDF

    D) ADG

     

    8. LXF, MTJ, NPN, OLR, ?

    A) PHV

    B) PIU

    C) PJW

    D) PKX

     

    9. MHZ, NIW, OKT, PNQ, ?

    A) RRN

    B) QRN

    C) QRM

    D) QQN

     

    10. AYD, BVF, DRH, ?, KGL

    A) FMI

    B) GMJ

    C) HLK

    D) GLJ

     

    11. AB, BA, ABC, CBA, ABCD, ?

    A) ACBD

    B) BACD

    C) CABD

    D) DCBA

     

    12. AB, DEF, HIJK, ?, STUVWX

    A) MNOPQ

    B) LMNOP

    C) LMNO

    D) QRSTU

     

    13. A, CD, GHI, ?, UVWXY

    A) LMNO

    B) MNO

    C) NOPQ

    D) MNOP

     

    14. ACC, EIG, ?, MRO, QUS

    A) INK

    B) DHF

    C) IMK

    D) GKI

     

    15. AZI, BXO, CVU, ?

    A) DTA

    B) DTZ

    C) DTB

    D) DSA

     

    16. AEZ, EIV, ?, MQN, QUJ

    A) INK

    B) DHF

    C) IMR

    D) GKI

     

    17. ACD, EGH, IKL, ?

    A) MOP

    B) OMN

    C) OST

    D) MPN

     

    18. UPI, ?, ODP, MBQ, IAW

    A) TIJ

    B) SIK

    C) SHJ

    D) THK

     

    19. BZA, DYC, FXE, ?, JVI

    A) WHG

    B) HUG

    C) HWG

    D) UHG

     

    20. AZBY, CXDW, EVFU, ?

    A) GHIJ

    B) GTHS

    C) HSGT

    D) IRGT

     

    Solution :-

     

     

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  • Letter Series :- SSC Reasoning

    Jul 30 • Uncategorized • 226 Views

    Letter Series :- SSC Reasoning

    Directions (1-20) :- In each of the following letter series, some of the letters are missing which are given in that order as one of the alternatives below it. Choose the correct alternative.

    1. _ _ aba _ _ ba _ ab

    A) abbba

    B) abbab

    C) baabb

    D) bbaba

     

    2. _ baa _ aab _ a _ a

    A) aabb

    B) aaba

    C) abab

    D) baab

     

    3. ab _ _ _ b _ bbaa _

    A) abaab

    B) abbab

    C) baaab

    D) babba

     

    4. _ _ babbba _ a _ _

    A) ababb

    B) baaab

    C) bbaba

    D) babbb

     

    5. aa _ ab _ _ aaa_ a

    A) aaab

    B) aabb

    C) abab

    D) baaa

     

    6. a_bbc_aab_cca_bbcc

    A) bacb

    B) acba

    C) abab

    D) caba

     

    7. a_aa_bbb_aaa_bbb

    A) abba

    B) baab

    C) aaab

    D) abab

     

    8. bc_b_c_b_ccb

    A) cbcb

    B) bbcb

    C) cbbc

    D) bcbc

     

    9. abb_baa_a_bab_ab

    A) abba

    B) abab

    C) ccac

    D) aabb

     

    10. abca_bcaab_ca_bbc_

    A) ccaa

    B) bbaa

    C) abac

    D) abba

     

    11. _bcc_ac_aabb_ab_cc

    A) aabca

    B) abaca

    C) bacab

    D) bcaca

     

    12. ab_aa_caab_c_abb_c

    A) bbcaa

    B) babca

    C) cabac

    D) cbbac

     

    13. c_bbb_ _ abbbb_abbb_

    A) aabcb

    B) abccb

    C) abacb

    D) bacbb

     

    14. b_abbc_bbca_bcabb_ab

    A) acaa

    B) acba

    C) cabc

    D) cacc

     

    15. ac_cab_baca_aba_acac

    A) aacb

    B) acbc

    C) babb

    D) bcbb

     

    16. _acca_ccca_acccc_aa

    A) acca

    B) caaa

    C) ccaa

    D) caac

     

    17. _bc_ _bb_aabc

    A) acac

    B) babc

    C) abab

    D) aacc

     

    18. ba_b_aab_a_b

    A) abaa

    B) abba

    C) baab

    D) babb

     

    19. aa_cb_cdcc_adda_a_bc

    A) bbbdd

    B) bbdba

    C) bcbda

    D) ddbbb

     

    20. aa_c_bcac_abaa_cb_ca

    A) bbcbb

    B) bbccc

    C) abacb

    D) aacbb

     

    Solution :- 

    1. (A) abab/abab/abab

    2. (C) aba/aba/aba/aba

    3. (C) abb/aab/abb/aab

    4. (D) bab/abb/bab/abb

    5. (A) aaaaba/aaaaba

    6. (B) aabbcc/aabbcc/aabbcc

    7. (B) ab/aaabbb/aaaabbbb

    8. (A) bccb/bccb/bccb

    9. (A) abba/baab/abba/baab

    10. (C) abc/aabc/aabbc/aabbcc

    11. (C) bbccaa/ccaabb/aabbcc

    12. (D) abc/aabc/aabbc/aabbcc

    13. (B) cabbbb/cabbbb/cabbbb

    14. (C)  bcab/bcab/bcab/bcab/bcab

    15. (A) acac/abab/acac/abab/acac

    16. (B) ca/ccaa/cccaaa/ccccaaa

    17. (A) abc/cab/bca/abc

    18. (B) baab/baab/baab

    19. (B) aabc/bbcd/ccda/ddab/aabc

    20. (A) aabc/bbca/ccab/aabc/bbca

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  • Certain Based Equation :- SSC Reasoning

    Jul 24 • Uncategorized • 146 Views

    Direction :- Some equations are solved on the basis of a certain system. On the same basis find out the correct answer from among the from among the four alternatives for the unsolved equation in each question.

    1. A = 8(64)128

       B = 10(100)200

       C = 12 (144) 288

       D = 13 (?) ?

    A) 169, 338

    B) 169, 335

    C) 196, 338

    D) 196, 335

    2. 50 – 62 = 40, 61 – 71 = 56, 92 – 50 = 55, 10 – 40 = ?

    A) 9

    B) 34

    C) 4

    D) 24

    3. 13 + 15 + 16 = 764, 17 + 52 + 43 = 778, 34 + 63 + 16 = 797, 52 + 54 + 63 = ?

    A) 797

    B) 997

    C) 799

    D) 979

    4. 5 (16) 4

       8 (14) 2

       10 (45) 5

        9  (?) 5

    A) 40

    B) 42

    C) 35

    D) 50

    5. 7*4*5=33

       8*9*2=74

       5*6*5=35

       8*7*4=?

    A) 50

    B) 65

    C) 55

    D) 60

    6. X = 8 (520) 512

       Y = 12 (1740) 1728

       Z = 9 (?) ?

    A) 729, 738

    B) 739, 748

    C) 738, 729

    D) 748, 739

    7. 24 * 65 = 157, 54 * 34 = 130, 75 * 85 =  ?,

    A) 343

    B) 313

    C) 212

    D) 121

    8. 25 * 2 = 3

       36 * 7 = -1

       64 * 4 = 4

       9 * 3 = ?

    A) 2

    B) 5

    C) 6

    D) 0

    9. 5 * 7 * 3 = 735

       7 * 6 * 4 = 647

       7 * 5 * 3 = 537

       9 * 4 * 6 = ?

    A) 649

    B) 946

    C) 469

    D) None of these

    10. 27 * 64 * 125 = 12

         1 * 8 * 27 = 6

         1000 * 343 * 216 = ?

    A) 23

    B) 32

    C) 22

    D) 24

     

    Solution :-

     

     

     

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