PASSIVE VOICE FOR SSC CGL

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PASSIVE VOICE FOR SSC CGL

PASSIVE VOICE FOR SSC CGL

Active Voice

In Active voice the subject performs the action on the object .

General formula – Sub + verb + Obj

 

Passive Voice

In Passive voice the verb expresses the object on which the action is done by the object.

General formula – Obj + Helping verb + V3 + By + Sub

 

When we use passive voice ?

We generally use passive voice in those sentences –

 

Where the action matters and not the doer

 

         The old lady was declared dead.

 

Where the doer of the action is either unknown or irrelevant .

 

         The whole slum was shifted to the new defence colony .

When the subject itself can’t do the action .

 

 

          Trees were planted on the World Environment Day .

 

INDEFINITE TENSE

 

TENSE ACTIVE VOICE PASSIVE VOICE
SIMPLE PRESENT SUB + V1 + OBJ OBJ + IS/AM/ARE + V3 + BY + SUB
SIMPLE PAST SUB + V2 + OBJ OBJ + WAS/WERE + V3 + BY + SUB
SIMPLE FUTURE SUB + SHALL/WILL + V1 + OBJ OBJ + SHALL/WILL + BE + V3 + BY + SUB

 

ACTIVE SENTENCES                                                        PASSIVE SENTENCES

 

The boss fired her .                                                                        She was fired .

I will not accept his proposal .                                                 His proposal will not be

                                                                                                              accepted by me .

She receive the award with dignity .                                   The award is received by

                                                                                                            her with dignity .

She learns dance here.                                                             Dance is learnt here by her.

The housekeeper cleaned the mess.                                   The mess was cleaned .

IMPORTANT POINTS TO REMEMBER

  1. In the first and last sentence we have not used “by + subject” and the reason behind this is many actions are done by a particular person only like –

  1. Only a boss can fire employee

  2. Generally a housekeeper or cleaner cleans the mess

So in such sentences “by + subject” is not required.

 

NOTE

We can’t convert a sentence in passive voice in which any form of “be” is used as the main verb of the sentence .

I was busy at that time.   (active voice)

(main verb)

The passive voice of the above sentence is not possible.

 

CONTINUOUS TENSE

 

TENSE ACTIVE VOICE PASSIVE VOICE
PRESENT CONTINUOUS SUB + IS/AM/ARE + V1 + ing + OBJ OBJ + IS/AM/ARE + BEING + V3 + BY + SUB
PAST CONTINUOUS SUB + WAS/WERE + V1 + ing + OBJ OBJ + WAS/WERE + BEING + V3 + BY + SUB

 

NOTE    

Passive voice of future continuous is not possible.  

Active                                                                              Passive

She was writing the letter .                        The letter was being written by her.      

He is giving water to plants.                      The plant are being given water by him .

They are expecting the announcement .  The announcement is being expected by them.

 

PERFECT TENSE

 

TENSE ACTIVE VOICE PASSIVE VOICE
PRESENT PERFECT SUB + HAS/HAVE + V3 + OBJ OBJ + HAS/HAVE + BEEN + V3 + BY + SUB
PAST PERFECT SUB + HAD + V3 + OBJ OBJ + HAS/HAVE + BEEN + V3 + BY + SUB
FUTURE  PERFECT SUB + SHALL/WILL + HAVE + V3 + OBJ OBJ +SHALL/WILL + HAVE + BEEN + V3 + BY + SUB

 

Active                                                                              Passive

She has received the parcel .                                       The parcel has been received by her .

She will have created the file by that time.               The file will have been created by her by          

                                                                                           That time .

They had left the village before the sun rose.          The village had been left by them

                                                                                             before the sun rose.

 

NOTE (TO +V1)

 

SUB + HAS/HAVE/HAD + TO + V1 + OBJ – ACTIVE VOICE

OBJ +  HAS/HAVE/HAD + TO + BE + V3 + SUB – PASSIVE VOICE

You have to complete this target on time. (Active voice)

This target has to be completed by you on time. (Passive voice)

She has to find the research papers from the company. (Active voice)

The research papers have to be found by her from the company. (Passive voice)

 

IMPERATIVE SENTENCES

Requests, suggestions, advice and commands are expressed through imperative sentences. Usually the subject is not mentioned in such sentences and the listener is the subject here.

 

Basically imperative sentence are of 3 types –

  1. With object

Pass the book . (active voice)

Let the book be passed . (passive voice)

             Or

You are ordered to pass the book.

 

General formula – Let + obj + be + v3

                                  Or

                            You are ordered/requested/forbidden/suggested + to + v1 + object  

 

  1. Without object

Get lost . (active voice)

You are ordered to get lost . (passive voice)

 

General formula –  You are ordered/requested/forbidden/suggested + to + v1 + object  

 

  1. Imperative sentences involving moral suggestions.

Respect the elder . (active voice)

The elders should be respected. (passive voice)

General formula – obj + should + be + V3

 

PASSIVE VOICE WITH MODALS

 

ACTIVE VOICE PASSIVE VOICE
SUB + MODAL + V1 + OBJ OBJ + MODAL + BE + V3 + BY + SUB
SUB + MODQAL + HAVE + V3 + OBJ OBJ + MODAL + HAVE +BEEN + V3 + BY + SUB

 

NOTE

Passive voice of modal continuous is not possible.

 

LINKING VERBS

Linking verbs are always followed by adjectives.

 

The food tastes delicious.     (active voice)

                         (Adjective)

 

The food is delicious when it is tasted  (passive voice)

 

General formula – SUB + VERB + ADJECTIVE + WHEN + PRONOUN + HELPING VERB + V3

 

Perfume smells fruity. (active voice)

The perfume is fruity when it is smelt . (passive voice)

 

Some of the linking verbs are –

Appear, be, become, feel. Get, look,  remain, seem, smell, sound, stay, taste, turn

 

INTERROGATIVE SENTENCES

 

Basically there are two types of interrogative sentences –

 

 

  • The one that start with helping verbs

 

 

Has he removed the file from the desktop ? (active voice)

Has the file been removed by him from the desktop ? (passive voice)

 

Start the sentence with the helping verb which goes with the object of the sentence.

 

  1. The one that start with question words (what, why, when, where, why, how).

 

Why have you removed the file from the desktop ? (active voice)

Why have the fle been removed by you from the desktop ? (passive voice)

 

Start the sentence with the question word only.

 

PREVIOUS YEARS QUESTIONS OF VOICE

 

In the following questions, sentences have been given in Active/Passive Voice. Out of the four alternatives suggested, select the one which best expresses the same meaning  in Passive/Active Voice.  

 

  1. Rohit had written an essay on ‘Pollution’.

1) An essay on ‘Pollution’ was written by Rohit.

2) An essay on ‘Pollution’ had been written by Rohit.

3) An essay on ‘Pollution’ wrote Rohit.

4) An essay on ‘Pollution’ have been written by Rohit

 

  1. He had already torn the pages of the book.

1) The pages of the book has already been torn by him.

2) The pages of the book have already been torn by him.

3) The pages of the book had already been torn by him.

4) The pages of the book had already torn by him.

 

3.This word cannot be uttered by a sane man

1) A sane man did not utter this word.

2) A sane man will not utter this word.

3) A sane man cannot utter the word.

4) A sane man cannot utter this word.

 

  1. The national anthem is being sung by Jason.

1) Jason was singing the national anthem.

2) Jason is singing the national anthem.

3) Jason sings the national anthem.

4) Jason has sung the national anthem.

Correct Answer: Jason is singing the national anthem.

 

5.Can he complete the job in three weeks?

1) Can he in three weeks complete the job ?

2) Can’t the job be completed by him in three weeks ?

3) Can the job be completed by him in three weeks ?

4) He cannot complete the job in three weeks ?

 

  1. Grid failure brings five hundred trains to a halt.

1) Five hundred trains are being brought to a halt by grid failure.

2) Five hundred trains are brought to a halt by grid failure.

3) Five hundred trains were brought to a halt by grid failure.

4) Five hundred trains had been brought to a halt by grid failure.

 

  1. The teacher was pleased with his recitation.

1) His recitation pleases the teacher.

2) His recitation pleased the teacher.

3) His recitation will please the teacher.

4) His recitation has pleased the teacher.

 

  1. We saw her singing at her work.

1) Her singing was seen by us at her work.

2) Her singing was seen at her work by us.

3) She was seen being sung at her work by us.

4) She was seen singing at her work.

 

  1. They will help us with money.

1) We will be helped by them with money.

2) We should be helped by them with money.

3) We must be helped by them with money.

4) We could be helped by them with money.

 

  1. I was asked my name.

1) My name was asked for.

2) They asked me my name.

3) They asked my name from me.

4) My name was asked.

 

  1. Kamala was told the bad news as soon as she arrived.

1) Someone had told Kamala the bad news as soon as she arrived.

2) Some is telling Kamala the bad news as soon as she arrived.

3) Someone told Kamala the bad news as soon as she arrived.

4) Someone has told Kamala the bad news as soon as she arrived.

 

  1. The girl’s death has opened a can of worms.

1) A can of worms is being opened by the girl’s death.

2) A can of worms has been opened by the girl’s death.

3) A can of worms are being opened by the girl’s death.

4) A can of worms were being opened by the girl’s death.

 

  1. By that time tomorrow, they would have completed the work allotted to them.

1) By that time tomorrow, the work allotted to them would be completed by them.

2) By that time tomorrow, the work allotted to them would complete by them.

3) By that time tomorrow, the work allotted to them would be complete by them.

4) By that time tomorrow, the work allotted to them would have been completed by them.

 

  1. While I was on holiday, my camera was stolen from my hotel room.

1) While I was on holiday, somebody stole my camera from my hotel room.

2) While I was on holiday, my camera had been stolen from my hotel room.

3) While I was on holiday, they steal my camera from my hotel room.

4) While I was on holiday, they had stolen my camera from my hotel room.

 

  1. Do all the necessary tests soon.

1) All the necessary tests may be done soon.

2) Let all the necessary tests be done soon.

3) Let all the necessary tests were done soon.

4) All the necessary tests have to be done soon.

 

  1. She had locked the door, before she left.

1) She locks the door, before she leaves.

2) She locked the door and left.

3) The door was locked by her, before she took leave.

4) The door had been locked by her, before she left.

 

  1. Bravery and loyalty were rewarded by the king.

1) Reward was given for bravery and loyalty.

2) The King rewarded bravery and loyalty.

3) The king gave a reward for a bravery and loyalty.

4) For loyalty and bravery it is said that the king gave reward.

 

18.I remember them taking me to the zoo.

1) I remember having being taken to the zoo.

2) I remember to be taken to the zoo.

3) I remember being taken to the zoo.

4) I remember I was taken to the zoo.

 

  1. Who has destroyed Nagasaki?

1) By whom Nagasaki have been destroyed?

2) By whom has Nagasaki been destroyed?

3) By whom Nagasaki had been destroyed?

4) By whom Nagasaki has been destroyed?

 

  1. Arun has written a newspaper report on the inauguration of Delhi Metro Railways.

1) A newspaper report on the inauguration of Delhi Metro Railways have been written by Arun.

2) A newspaper report on the inauguration of Delhi Metro Railways had been written by Arun.

3) A newspaper report on the inauguration of Delhi Metro Railways is written by Arun.

4) A newspaper report on the inauguration of Delhi Metro Railways has been written by Arun.

 

  1. The old owl will listen to the squirrel’s problems, patiently.

1) The squirrel’s problems shall be listened patiently by the old owl.

2) The squirrel’s problems will be listened to patiently by the old owl.

3) The squirrel’s problems would be listened patiently by the old owl.

4) The squirrels problems should be listened patiently by the old owl.

 

  1. Parents elected him the chairman of PTA as he was the only talented contestant.

1) He was elected the chairman of PTA by parents as he was the only talented contestant.

2) He had been elected the chairman of PTA by parents as he was the only talented contestant.

3) He have been elected the chairman of PTA by parents as he is the only talented contestant.

4) He is elected the chairman of PTA by parents as he was the only talented contestant. Correct Answer: He was elected the chairman of PTA by parents as he was the only talented contestant.

 

  1. The movie will create tension in the Indian society.

1) Tension would be created in the Indian society by the movie.

2) The tension shall be created in the Indian society by the movie.

3) Tension will be created in the Indian society by the movie.

4) The tension can be created in the Indian society by the movie.

 

24.Late arrival of the Gomati Express created confusion among the passengers.

1) Confusion has been created among passengers due to the late arrival of the Gomati Express.

2) Confusion have been created among passengers due to the late arrival of the Gomati Express.

3) Confusion was created among passengers due to the late arrival of the Gomati Express.

4) Confusion is created among passengers due to the late arrival of the Gomati Express.

 

  1. The scorpion stung the farmer.

1) The farmer was stung by the scorpion.

2) The farmer had been stung by the scorpion.

3) The farmer is stung by the scorpion.

4) The farmer has been stung by the scorpion.

Correct Answer: The farmer was stung by the scorpion.

 

Answers

 

  • An essay on ‘Pollution’ had been written by Rohit.

 

  1. The pages of the book had already been torn by him.
  2. A sane man cannot utter this word
  3. Jason is singing the national anthem.
  4. Can the job be completed by him in three weeks ?
  5. Five hundred trains are brought to a halt by grid failure.
  6. His recitation pleased the teacher.
  7. She was seen singing at her work.
  8. We will be helped by them with money.
  9. hey asked me my name.
  10. Someone told Kamala the bad news as soon as she arrived.
  11. A can of worms has been opened by the girl’s death.
  12. By that time tomorrow, the work allotted to them would have been completed by them.  
  13. While I was on holiday, somebody stole my camera from my hotel room.
  14.  Let all the necessary tests be done soon
  15. The door had been locked by her, before she left.
  16. The King rewarded bravery and loyalty.
  17. I remember being taken to the zoo.
  18.  By whom has Nagasaki been destroyed?
  19. A newspaper report on the inauguration of Delhi Metro Railways has been written by Arun.
  20. The squirrel’s problems will be listened to patiently by the old owl.
  21. He was elected the chairman of PTA by parents as he was the only talented contestant.
  22. Tension will be created in the Indian society by the movie.
  23. Confusion was created among passengers due to the late arrival of the Gomati Express.
  24. Confusion was created among passengers due to the late arrival of the Gomati Express.

 

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