Indus Valley Civilisation
Important points about Indus Valley Civilisation
Indus Valley civilization
- The civilization is also known as Harappa civilization. The name is given as Indus valley civilisation as it flourished along the Indus river.
- IVC is one of the oldest civilisations of the world and the worldwide accepted time period is from 2500 BC to 1700 BC. ( Note : BC refers to “Before Christ” )
- IVC was discovered by Dayaram Sahni in 1921.
- The name Harappan civilisation was given by the John marshall of East India Company who was the then director general of Archaeological Survey of India.
- Indus valley civilization belonged to Bronze Age or Chalcolithic Age.. Time wise it can be said that IVC was in Neolithic Age.
Sites of Indus valley civilisation:
- In 1921 the Civilisation was excavated by Dayaram Sahni on the banks of Ravi.
- In 1922 Rakhali das Banerjee (RD Banerjee) found Mohen-jo-daro. Mohen-jo-daro means mound of death. The city was famous for its Great Bath.
- In 1953 Kalibangan was excavated on the banks of saraswati.
- In 1957 lothal was found on the Gulf of Kambay. A dockyard was found here. Hence, lothal was considered important port city of Indus valley civilisation.
- In 1991/1992 Dholavira was found in Kutch.
- A great number of sites were found in the state of gujarat.
Geographical Location of Indus valley civilisation:
- The civilisation spreaded to major part of North Western India, Afghanistan, Baluchistan and Sind.
- In India it spreaded in the parts of West Punjab, Gujarat, Uttar pradesh, Haryana, rajasthan, jammu and kashmir and Maharashtra.
Features of Indus Valley Civilisation:
- Town Planning : The Town planning was a unique feature of Indus Valley Civilisation which differentiated it from rest of the civilisations.
- It was not uniform. The town was divided into two parts such that in the Western part there were Forts which were higher known as Citadel. The Eastern part was comparatively lower town.
- Dholavira was an Exception city of IVC in town Planning. As it had three divisions and consisted a middle part also.
- Grid Pattern : The IVC had grid pattern or Blocks also known as Chessboard Pattern.
- The Roads cut each other at 90 degrees of angle.
- The Houses were made of Mud Bricks and Burnt Bricks.
- The Indus Valley Civilisation had a well defined Drainage System.