Indian Polity – The Preamble

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Indian Polity – The Preamble 

Indispensable points of Indian Polity – The Preamble 

Preamble

  • The preamble in Indian Constitution lays focus on few fundamental values and guiding principles on which the Constitution of India is based.
  • It acts  as a basic theme of Indian Constitution.
  • It also acts as the Guiding light of  Constitution and judges who interpret the Constitution .
  • The Initial words of the preamble are  – “We the people” refers that power is in the hands of the people of India and the constitution makers are also the part of  it.
  • The preamble is stated as-
WE, THE PEOPLE OF INDIA, having solemnly resolved to
constitute India into a SOVEREIGN SOCIALIST SECULAR
DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC and to secure to all its citizens:
JUSTICE, social, economic and political;
LIBERTY of thought, expression, belief, faith and worship;
EQUALITY of status and of opportunity; and to promote among
them all
FRATERNITY assuring the dignity of the individual and the unity
and integrity of the Nation;
IN OUR CONSTITUENT ASSEMBLY this twenty-sixth day of
November, 1949, do HEREBY ADOPT, ENACT AND GIVE TO
OURSELVES THIS CONSTITUTION.

 

  1. Firstly, the preamble was not considered  as the  part of the Constitution of India.
  2. But, the Supreme Court mentioned that it  is an integral  part   in the case of Kesavananda Bharati Vs. State of Kerala.
  3. Three words were added in the preamble “Socialist”, “Secular” and “Integrity” by 42nd  amendment/1976.

    SOME IMPORTANT TERMS OF THE PREAMBLE

    Sovereign :

    a) It means independent from any external rule. The country is both considered internally as well as externally sovereign.

    b)Internally, there is a free government which is directly elected by the people.

    c) It also makes laws that govern the people.

    d) Externally it is free from any foreign power and free to make its foreign policy independently.

    Socialist :

    a) It was added by the 42nd amendment act of 1976.

    b) It implies to social and economic equality.

    Secular :

    It was also added by the 42nd amendment act of 1976.
    The word implies equality of all religions and religious tolerance.
    No state in India have an official state religion.

    Democratic :

    This mean that the government of all levels are elected by
    the people through a system of universal adult franchise.
    Republic : The term means that the head of the state is elected,
    directly or indirectly, for a fixed tenure.

    Liberty:

    a) The idea of Liberty means to the “freedom”. This establishes that there are no such restrictions on Indians.

    b) This does not mean that Indian nationals have freedom to do anything but yes freedom to do “Right”.

    c) Indian national have provision  of ‘positive discrimination’.

     

    Equality:

    a) This refers to the equality of all section of the society.

    b) There should be equality of Political, Economic  and Civic.

    c) In front of law everyone is equal.

    Fraternity:

    a) Fraternity  refers to a feeling of brotherhood.

    b) It induces  psychological as well as territorial dimensions of National Integrity.

    d) In this there  is no focus on regionalism, communalism, casteism etc.

    e) The word “Fraternity”  was proposed by Dr. B.R Ambedkar.

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