Indian Polity – Joint Sitting and Types Of Bills
Important Points from Indian Polity – Joint Sitting and Types Of Bills
Powers and privileges of Member of Parliament (MP)-
- The MP has freedom of Speech and Expression in Parliament.
- MP is granted freedom from Arrest under civil Cases. This freedom is granted 40 days before the session, during the session and 40 days after the session.
- There will be no arrest under criminal cases.
- He or she has freedom from Jury Service during the session
- The MP has right to regulate Proceedings of the house .
- He also has right to allow Publication and Broadcasting of the Proceedings of the house.
- He has Right to Allow Publication and Broadcasting of the proceedings of the house.
- The MP has Right exclude Strangers from the House.
- He has Right to Punish Members and Strangers for violation of Privileges and Contemporary of House.
- It is called by the President
- It is called when there arises a deadlock over a bill between the houses.
- Such kind of bill is voted Jointly and requires simple majority for its passage.( Simple majority means 1 vote more than 50%)
- The joint sitting is always presided by the Speaker of Lok Sabha or Deputy Speaker or Deputy Chairman.
- The joint Sitting is rarely called. The past examples of joint sitting are-
- 1961- Dowry Bill
- 1978 – Banking commission
- 2002 – POTA Act
Types of Bills-
There are Four types of bills – Ordinary Bill, Money Bill, Constitutional Amendment Bill and financial Bill.
i) The provision of Money bill is given in article 110.
ii) This includes the six matters of money including the taxes and finance matters.
iii) Any bill related to this six matters is known as a money bill.
iv)Also a bill which contains 1 or more matters mentioned in article 110 is called a money bill.
v) it is certified so by speaker of lok sabha that whether it is a money bill or not.
vi) The Money bill can only be introduced in Lok Sabha and on recommendation of President of India.
vii) The Money bills requires Simple Majority for its passage.
viii) On a Money bill Rajya Sabha has no real powers . That means-Rajya Sabha cannot pass, amend or Reject a money bill.
ix) Atmost, Rajya Sabha can Suggest some changes in the bill to the Lok Sabha Separately. Such Suggestions are not binding on lok Sabha.
x) If the lok Sabha accepts the suggestions the Bill is not required to be sent to Rajya Sabha Again.
xi) If the Rajya Sabha does not gives any response to bill after its receiving up to 14 days, then it is automatically deemed ( Assumed) that it has been passed in Rajya Sabha.
xii) After that the money bill is passed to the president for his consent. The president may give his assent to the bill or shall not return ( Pocketing Veto) or may withhold it ( Not possible).