Indian Constitution Part III Fundamental Rights

Jan 10 • Indian Polity • 512 Views • No Comments on Indian Constitution Part III Fundamental Rights

Indian Constitution Part III Fundamental Rights

Here are some Important points Indian Constitution Part III Fundamental Rights

FUNDAMENTAL RIGHTS

a) The Fundamental rights are part of Indian constitution.

b) These are basic rights which are considered very essential for the overall development of an Individual.

c) Fundamental Rights are considered as justiciable rights as one can aim for justice through courts.

d) These rights can also be suspended and are always restricted. Furthermore , there are certain rights which are not suspended even at the time of emergency.


Right to Equality ( Article 14 to Article 18)

It is one of the fundamental Right. It includes the following points-

  1. Equal protection of laws- it refers that law is same for each and every one.
  2. It prohibits the  discrimination on grounds of religion, race, caste, sex or place of birth. There is also provision of positive discrimination ( Reservation, Income tax) i.e like should be treated Alike.
  3. Equal access to shops, hotels, wells, tanks, bathing ghats, roads etc.
  4. One should have Equality of opportunity in public employment- There shall be equality of opportunities in the matters of employment under the state. There shall be no discrimination while doing so. However, state can make special  provision for backward classes.   
  5. There should be Abolition of Untouchability as per the Civil Rights Act- 1955 (76)
  6. Abolition of titles- State shall not confer any title upon any individual. No indian can except any title from any foreign State. However, educational and military achievements  

 

Right to Freedom (Article 19 to Article 22)

The below points comes under Right to freedom-

    1. Protection of Right to – freedom of speech and expression i.e press.
    2. Assemble peacefully –  freedom to assemble peacefully.   
    3. Form associations/unions – Union, like trade union, except defence, police, Military, cannot form Union all other employees can form.
    4. Move freely throughout the territory of India- (Except Scheduled Areas)
    5. Reside and settle in any part of India
    6. Practise any profession
    7. To carry on any occupation
    8. Trade or business.
    9. Protection in respect of conviction for offences
    10. Right to life and personal liberty
    11. Right to education
    12. Protection against arrest and detention in certain cases

 

Right against Exploitation Article23 to Article 24)

In this fundamental below points are included-

  1. Prohibition of traffic in human beings and forced labour
  2. Prohibition of employment of children in hazardous jobs

 

Right to Freedom of Religion (Article  25-Article 28)

  1. Freedom of conscience and free profession.
  2. Practice and propagation of religion.
  3. Freedom to manage religious affairs.
  4. Freedom to pay taxes for promotion of any particular religion
  5. Freedom to attend religious instruction or worship in certain educational institutions.

 

Cultural and Educational Rights (art 29 to 30)

  1. a)  Protection of language, culture of minorities
  2. b)  Right of minorities to establish educational institutions
  3. c)  Right to Constitutional Remedies
  4. d)  Right to move the courts to issue directions/orders/writs for enforcement of rights.

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