Directive Principles of State Policy (DPSP) and Fundamental Duties

Jan 11 • Indian Polity • 964 Views • No Comments on Directive Principles of State Policy (DPSP) and Fundamental Duties

Directive Principles of State Policy (DPSP) and  Fundamental Duties

Directive Principles of State Policy (DPSP) and Fundamental Duties

Rights to Constitutional  Remedies (Article  32)

  1. In case of violation of fundamental Rights the person can approach the supreme court directly.
  2. The Supreme court shall issue orders including ‘WRITS’ in that regard.
  3. This article can be called as guardian of  Fundamental rights.
  4. This was referred as “Heart and Soul” of part III of Indian Constitution.

Directive Principles of State Policy (DPSP) (article 36- 51)

  1. These are a set of suggestions for Policy Makers .
  2. Whenever making any Policy , one should follow these Directive Principles.
  3. These principles are welfare oriented and fundamental in the Governance of the Nation.
  4. Fundamental rights are compulsions but directive principles are suggestions not compulsions.
  5. These are Non – Justiciable Rights so cannot be triad through courts.
  6. The aim for Directive Principles is to Make India a Welfare State.
  7. Concept of DPSP was taken from ireland.
  8. It was taken as Instrument of Instruction.

Article -40

  1. State Shall establish rather organise Village panchayats as Units of Local Self Government.
  2. Balwant rai mehta committee is associated with Panchayati raj Institution.
  3. In every village there should be-
    1. Gram panchayat
    2. Panchayat Samiti
    3. Zila Parishad
  4. Panchayats had been given constitutional status in the time of Narsimha Rao.

Article -41

  1. State shall provide employment to people as per its economic capacity.
  2. Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act- (MGNREGA)

Article- 44

  1. State shall implement Uniform Civil Code.
  2. For matters of marriage Different religions have different norms.

Article -45

  1. There should be provision of Care and Education for Children upto the age of 14 yrs.
  2. In this Schemes like “Mid Day Meal” is included.

Article -48

  1. State shall organise agriculture and animal husbandry in modern and Scientific way.

Article -51

  1. State shall Promote International Peace.

 

Fundamental Duties

a) Swaran singh committee recommended the addition of fundamental duties.

b)The concept of fundamental duties is borrowed from USSR.

c) The Provision of Fundamental Duties is given in article 51A.

The Fundamental Duties are-

  1. To abide by the Constitution and respect its ideals and institutions, the National Flag and National Anthem.
  2. To cherish and follow the noble ideals which inspired our national struggle for Freedom.
  3. To uphold and protect the sovereignty, unity and integrity of India.
  4. To defend the country and render national service when called upon so
  5. To promote harmony and the spirit of common brotherhood amongst all the people of
  6. India transcending religious, linguistic and regional or sectional diversities to renounce practices derogatory to the dignity of women.
  7. To value and preserve the rich heritage of our composite culture.
  8. To protect and improve the natural environment including forests, lakes, rivers and wild life and to have compassion for living creatures
  9. To develop scientific temper, humanism and the spirit of inquiry and reform
  10. To safeguard public property and abjure violence.
  11. To strive towards excellence in all spheres of individual and collective activity, so that the nation constantly rises to higher levels of endeavor and achievement.
  12. Every parent or guardian is to provide opportunities for education to his/her child or ward between the age of 6 and 14.

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