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Direct and Indirect Speech 2 English section

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Direct and Indirect Speech 2 English section

Let us discuss important Grammar concepts from Direct and Indirect Speech 2 English section

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Indispensable changes to keep in mind while changing the Direct Speech into Indirect speech-

  1. Says to” changes to “tells”.
  2. Said to” changes to “told”              (Note :- Never use “tells to” or “told to” while converting speech)
  3. Simple Present tense” changes to “Simple past tense.”
  4. Simple past tense ” changes to “ Past Perfect tense .”
  5. For past perfect – there will be no change
  6. Present continuous” changes to “past continuous.”
  7. Past continuous” changes  “past perfect continuous.”
  8. For past perfect continuous– No change
  9. Present perfect/Present perfect continuous” changes to “past perfect continuous.
  10. For Past perfect/ past perfect continuous– No change  
  11. shall/will  changes to should/ would
  12. May changes to might.
  13. Can changes to could.
  14. Today changes to that day.
  15. Tomorrow changes to the next day.
  16. Yesterday changes to the previous day/ the day before.
  17. Tonight changes to that night.
  18. This changes to that.
  19. These changes to those.
  20. Now changes to then.
  21. Ago changes to before.

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Interrogative Sentences-

Those sentences which are in the form of questions and carries question mark are called interrogative sentences. The interrogative sentences are of two types i.e in two form. In one form the Sentence is just a simple question whose answer is in the form of Yes/No.

In another form the sentence is in form of an inquiry.

Direct and Indirect Speech 2 English section

Changes-

  1. “Said to” changes to “asked”, “questioned”, “enquired”, interrogated.
  2. With “Wh” family sentences , no conjunction is used.
  3. Change the pronoun accordingly.
  4. If the sentence is a simple question then use conjunction ‘If’ and “whether”.
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For Instance-

Direct Speech – He said to me, “ Do you study eight hours a day.”

Indirect Speech – He asked me if I studied eight hours a day.

Direct Speech – He said to him, “ What are you doing now?”

Indirect Speech – He asked him  what he was doing then.

Direct Speech  – She said to her, “ When will the Bus arrive?”

Indirect Speech – She enquirer of her when the bus would arrive.

 

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Imperative Sentences-

Those Sentences which are in the form of “suggestions”, “advice”, “commands”, “orders” etc are called imperative sentences.

Changes-

  1. Said to” , “says to” changes to ordered /advised/ requested/ suggested etc.
  2. Change the pronoun accordingly.
  3. Conjunction “To” will be added.

For Instance-

Direct Speech   – The Captain said to the team members, “Play Hard ”

Indirect Speech – The Captain commanded the team members to play hard.

Direct Speech  – My father said to me, “Help others but do not expect anything in return.”

Indirect Speech – My Father advised me to help others but not to expect anything in return.

 

 

Optative Sentences-

Those sentences which involve blessings and wishes are called Optative sentences.

Changes-

  1. “Said” changes to “wished” or “prayed”.
  2. Use of conjunction ‘that’
  3. Change of Pronouns.

For instance-

Direct Speech – She said, “ May God bless you”

Indirect Speech –  She prayed that God might bless me.

 

Exclamatory Sentences-

Those sentence which includes excitement or emotions” are called the exclamatory sentences.

Changes-

  1. Said +Alas! Changes to Exclaimed with sorrow.
  2. Said+Hurray ! changes to exclaimed with Joy.
  3. Conjunction that is used.
  4. Change the Pronoun  accordingly

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