Indian Agriculture

Agriculture of India


Agriculture started in India since early Neolithic period (8000 BC- 4000 BC)

Earlier form of agriculture was Pastoralism

Notes on Indian agriculture provided by best SSc Coaching

Dominance of agriculture started during Indus valley civilization (3300 BC-1300 BC)

India ranks 2nd in output of Agricultural Products globally.

Contribution of Agriculture in GDP

2013-14: 13.7%

2014-15: 17.01%

2015-16: 15.35%
Salient Features of Indian agriculture

for current affairs for SSC


  1. Agriculture contributes about 17% in Indian economy and about 55% of people get livelihood from Agriculture.
  2. 60% of Indian agricultural land depends on Rain fall . 48% for food crop 62% for non food crop.
  3. During 1957-58 , India had 109 million hectare cultivable land which is now 122 hectare (As reported by RBI)
  4. Major Commercial crops
  1. Groundnuts
  2. Mustard
  3. Soyabean
  4. Sugarcane
  5. Tea
  6. Coffee
  7. Cotton
  8. Jute
  9. Tobacco
  1. Contribution of Agricultural in exports from India is 13.7%


Indian payment policy is dual payment policy to farmers from Indian Government , at least on books.

  1. MSP: Minimum Support Price.
  2. Procurement Price.

Buffer Stock Norms

Buffer stock refer to stock which central government maintains for meeting requirement of nation at any point of time. Buffer stock norms has been most recently revised on 22 Jan 2015.  This system was earlier known as Buffer stock or strategic reserve.


Stocking norms are for two factors.

  1. Operational stock: To meet operational and distributional requirement through PDS.
  2. Food Security reserve: To meet requirement during shortfall or delay of procurement.

PDS: Public distribution system in India is a system of distribution of staple foods such as Rice, Sugar , Wheat and few other necessary commodities like kerosine for poor people of nation on subsidised rate from market.

This system is jointly maintained by state and central government through Ministry of Consumer affairs.


Major Agricultural Revolutions in India


Blue Revolution: To increase production of aquatic food in 1960. Mr Hiralal chaudhary is known as father of Blur revolution in India. Indian government has recently reincarnated its focus on blue revolution by targeting total export to 1,00,000 cr in 5 yrs.


Brown Revolution: For cocoa production and Now focus on organic cocoa production run in Vishkapatnam region also target Leather production. Brown revolution is helping cocoa growing people to increase per unit production output.


Golden fiber Revolution: For Production of Jute. Golden fiber revolution made India 7th largest producer of wool in world.


Golden Revolution: To enhance agricultural output through Horticulture and harnessing of Honey. Improving quality of Bee breeding around period of 1991-2003.


Green revolution: India was facing shortage of food grains after war with China in 1962 and Famine in 1965-66 and 1966-67 . With help of American scientist Dr Norman Borlaug , Father of green revolution Dr M.S. Swaminathan introduced high yielding wheat seeds and proper utilization of Fertilizers. This made India self sustained in its food supply and further contributed in making India 2nd largest grower of food around globe. This was named as Green Revolution by Dr William Gande.


Grey Revolution: Grey revolution brew with or little prior to green revolution or can be said that grey revolution has been behind success of Green revolution which was all about usage of Fertilizers in Indian farms was run from 1964.


Pink Revolution: Pharmaceutical products, Onions and Prawn production.

Red Revolution: As name suggests Meat production and Tomato production.

Round Revolution: Potato Production.

Silver Fiber revolution: Cotton revolution

White Revolution: Started in India during 1970 by NDDB ( National development dairy board)

Mr Varghese Kurien , known as father of white revolution.

India was a dairy deficit nation and white revolution made India largest producer of dairy products in world about 17% of global output in 2010-11.

Per capita consumption of dairy products doubled in India.

White revolution took its shape for mil products and dairy products in three phases in India.

Phase 1: 1970-1980

Phase 2: 1981-1985

Phase 3: 1985-1996


Yellow Revolution: Oil seed production during 1998 but India again is oil seed deficit nation

Ambrosia revolution: To connect rivers

Evergreen Revolution: for complete agricultural growth.

Indian Police Service Eligibility Criteria

The research is all about the Indian Police Service that is being conducted by the UPSC i.e Union Public Service Commission.

The IPS which is referred to as Indian Police Service which is very tough exam and conducted by the Union Public Service Commission.

Also read

SSC Exams Procedure

Eligibility Criteria

(a) Nationality – Indian

(b) An applicant must not have achieved the age of 30 years for General Category, 36 years for Other Backward Classes class competitors and 37 years for applicants having a place with a Scheduled Caste or Scheduled Tribe.

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Part B 

Main Examination – Optional Subjects


One of the Indian Languages to be chosen by the applicant from the 22 dialects included in the VIII th Schedule to the Constitution (Qualifying Paper) am amid the employment

300 Marks

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English (Qualifying Paper) 300 Marks


Essay 200 Marks

Papers IV & V

General Studies (300 Marks for every paper) = 600 Marks

Function of Indian Police Service

1. Everyday obligations, especially in the zones of up keep of open peace and request, wrong doing counteractive action, examination, and identification, gathering of insight, VIP security, fringe policing, route policing, sneaking, medication trafficking, financial offenses, defilement in broad daylight life, calamity administration, requirement of financial enactment, bio-differences and insurance of natural laws and so on.

2. Driving and instructing the common and equipped police drives in all the states .

3. Driving and instructing the Central Police Organizations like Intelligence Bureau, Central Bureau of Investigation, Border Security Force, Central Reserve Police Force, Indo-Tibetan Border Police, National Security Guard, Vigilance Organizations and so on.

4. Serve at administrative/strategy making levels in the Ministries and Departments of Central and State governments and open area endeavors both at focus and states, and the RAW, Government of India.

5. Needed to associate and facilitate nearly with the individuals from other All India Services and Central Civil Services furthermore with the Armed Forces.

6. Lead/summon the power with mettle, uprightness, commitment and a solid feeling of administration to the individuals.

7. Attempt to instill in the police compels under their summon such values and standards as would help them serve the individuals better.

8. Instill respectability of the most astounding request, affect-ability to desires of individuals in a quick changing social and monetary milieu, regard for human rights, wide liberal point of view of law and equity, elevated expectation of polished skill, physical wellness and mental readiness.

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