Important Days and Dates of the year

Important Days and Dates of the year

Important Days and Dates of the year

Static GK is an important segment for all competitive examinations like SSC CGL, SSC CHSL, SSC MTS, SSC DEPARTMENTAL EXAMS.  It refers to all factual things which do not change with time. Important days and dates is one of the important topic of static GK. So, lets learn today-

1. January 

 

Jan 9 : Pravasi Bhartiya Diwas ( NRI Day)

Jan 10 : World Hindi Diwas

             Note- National Hindi Diwas is celebrated on 14th September.

Jan 12 : National Youth Day

             Note-  International Youth day is celebrated on 12th August.

Jan 15 : National Army Day

Jan 24 : National Girl Child Day

Jan 25 : National Tourism Day/ National Voter’s day

Note- World tourism day is celebrated on 27th September.

Jan 30 : Martyr’s day/ World Leprosy Eradication day

 

2. February

Feb 4 : World cancer Day

Feb 20 : International day for Social Justice

Feb 24 : Central Excise day

Feb 28 : National Science Day

 

3. March

Mar 3 : World Wild Life Day 

Mar 8 : International Women’s Day

Mar 15 : World’s Consumer Rights Day

Mar 22 : World Water day

Mar 24 : World TB Day

Mar 27 : World Theater Day

 

4. April

2nd April – World Autism Awareness Day

5th April – National Maritime Day

7th April – World Health Day

18th April – World Heritage Day

22nd April -World Earth Day

23rd April – World Book Day

5. May 

1st May – International Labour Day

3rd May – World Asthma day 8 – world RedCrosss Day 

8th May – World RedCrosss Day 

9th May – World Thalassaemia Day

11th May -National Technological Day

12th May – World Hypertension Day

15th May – International Family Day

17th May – World Telecommunication Day

24th May – Commonwealth Day

31st May – Anti- Tobacco Day

6. June

 

June 5: World Environment Day.

June 14: World Blood Donor Day.

June 21: International day of yoga.
 
June 26: International Day against Drug Abuse.

7. July

July 1: Doctor’s Day

July 11: World Population Day

8. August

August 6: Hiroshima Day

August 8: World Senior Citizen’s Day

August 9:  Nagasaki Day

August 15: Indian Independence Day

August 18: International Day of the World’s Indigenous Peoples

August 19: Photography Day

August 29: National Sports Day

9. September

September 5:  Sanskrit Day

September 15: Engineers’ Day

September 16: World Ozone Day

September 21: Alzheimer’s Day; Day for Peace & Non-violence (UN)

September 27: World Tourism Day

10. October

October 1: International Day for the Elderly

October 3: World Habitat Day

October 4: World Animal Welfare Day

October 8: Indian Air Force Day

October 9: World Post Office Day

October 10: National Post Day

October 16: World Food Day

October 24: United Nations Day

11. November

November 5: World tsunami day

November 9: Legal Services Day

November 14: Children’s Day

November 29: International Day of Solidarity with Palestinian People

12. December

December 1: World AIDS Day

December 3: World Day of the Handicapped

December 4: Indian Navy Day

December 7: Indian Armed Forces Flag Day

December 10: Human Rights Day

December 22: National Mathematics Day

December 23: Kisan Divas (Farmer’s Day) (India)

December 25: Christmas Day

The Great Northern Plains of India

The Great Northern Plains of India

The Great Northern Plains of India

The Great Northern Plains is an important part of Indian Geography. Almost 2 to 3 questions come from this topic in every exam of SSC and UPSC. So let’s begin with the topic-

The Great Northern Plains-

  • The Great Northern plains are located on the south of the Himalayas.
  • They are covered by the Himalayas in the north and in the south they are covered by Deccan plateau.  
  • The Great Northern plain stretches for about 2,400 km from east to west. It stretches from 200 to 400 km from north to south.
  • The total area covered is about 5,80,000 square kilometers.
  • The Great plain of Northern India formed due to sedimentation process in which sediments are brought down by the rivers mainly Indus-Ganga-Brahmaputra and their tributaries.
  • This Plain is popularly known as the Indo-Ganga-Brahmaputra plain.The plain came into existence due to formation of Himalayas in the north and the sediments were brought down by the rivers which began to accumulate there to form the Great  plain of northern India.
  • This plain is also known as Alluvial Plain.
  • The Great Northern plains are further divided into –
    • Punjab Plain ( Indus River)
    • Ganga Plain ( Ganga River)
    • Brahmaputra Valley ( Brahmaputra River)

Punjab Plain-

  • The Punjab Plain is the western part of the northern great plains.
  • Punjab is derived from “Punch+ Ab” that means “land of five rivers”. Mainly the Indus river drains the punjab plain and its tributaries like satluj, Beas and raavi which lies in India.
  • This plain is made up of “Silts” and is “Porous” in nature
  • The Punjab Plain is made up of gravel, sand , clay cover etc. which is spread over the foot hills and are popularly known as “Bhabhar Plain” or “Bhabhar soil”.
  • Bhabhar soil possess very weak water holding capacity.This soil cannot hold water for long. The new alluvium gathers in the side of river and forms river “Bet”

The Ganga plain-

  • The Ganga plain is the major part of the Great northern plain and extends from the eastern  Punjab in the west to Bangladesh border in the east of India.
  • It covers major portion of states like Uttar Pradesh, Bihar and West Bengal.The rivers draining Ganga plain  in north are Yamuna, Ganga, Ghaghara, Gandak, Kosi and in south are Tista Chambal, Betwa, Son and Damodar.
  • The Ganga plain forms maximum delta in the plain and is the most populated plain in the country.
  • The ganga plain is subdivided into three further plains –
    • Upper Ganga plain
    • Middle Gana Plain
    • Lower Ganga Plain

SSC Geography Notes-Physiographic Divisions of India

Physiographic Divisions of India

SSC Geography Notes-Physiographic Divisions of India

The word Physiography refers to ‘Physical Geography’. It is derived from two words “Physio” and “Graphy” which means writing facts about physical geography

  • The Northern Mountains

  • The North Indian Plain

  • The Peninsular Plateau

  • Great Indian Desert

  • The coastal Regions

  • Islands

                                                                          

                                    

Northern Mountains ( Himalayas)

  • These mountains are the young fold mountains which were formed during the tertiary period of Geological Time Interval.
  • Himalayas are called fold mountains as these were formed due to tectonic collision of Eurasian plateau and Indian plateau.
  • ‘Him’ refers to ice and ‘Alaya’ refers to home, therefore Himalaya refers to home of ice.
  • The Himalayas are divided into :
    • Main Himalayas
    • Trans Himalayas

 

  • The Himalayas possess sharp peaks and stretch over North West India to North East part of India.
  • It carries  the highest peaks in the world and is most rugged mountain barriers in the world.

 

Main Himalayas

It includes the three ranges i.e Himadri, Himachal and Shiwalik.

Himadri Himalayas

  • It is also known as Greater Himalayas or Inner Himalayas.
  • These are the continuous mountains for 2400 km with average height of 6000 metres.
  • ‘Him’ refers to snow and ‘adri’ refers to covered, hence Himadri means covered with snow.
  • These himalayas carry world’s most prominent peaks and are composed off granite and perennially covered with snow.
  • For Instance – Mt. Everest, Kanchenjunga, Annapurna, Nanga Parbat.

Himachal Himalayas

  • These are also known as Lesser Himalayas or Middle Himalayas.
  • The average height of these himalayas is 4500 metres.
  • Since they are seasonally free from ice Hence these mountains are centre of attraction for tourist and many tourist place are located here.
  • Pir Panjal range is the longest range of Himachal Himalayas and the most prominent ones are Dhauladhar range and Mahabharat range.

Shivalik Himalayas

  • These are the Outer Himalayas with average height of about 1500 metres above the sea level.
  • Shivaliks are the fragmented Himalayas and these develop a unique geographical feature called ‘Dun’. For instance, Dehradun and Patlidun.

Trans Himalayas

  • These include three ranges  i.e Karakoram range, Zaskar Range and Ladakh Range.
  • They are located in north- west India.
  • Trans Himalayas are also known Tibetan Himalayas.  
  • Famous peak and India’s Highest Peak K2 ( Godwin and Austin) is located here.
  • World’s Highest Battlefield – Kargil in siachen glacier, Drass Sector is located here. It also world’s expensive battlefield.
  • The river Indus flows between Zaskar and ladakh range.

SSC CGL 2017 ADMIT CARD OUT !!!

SSC CGL 2017 ADMIT CARD OUT!!!

SSC CGL 2017 ADMIT CARD

Dear Aspirants,

Staff Selection Commission (SSC) has already released the notification of SSC CGL 2017. Sincere students have already started their preparation. SSC conducts examination every year which takes place in three Tiers. Students should thoroughly go through the “How to prepare for SSC CGL 2017”.

The  Admit cards for all regions are released for SSC CGL 2017 Examination. Candidates are advised to keep visiting websites of SSC to get updated and also with ssc.oureducation.in for latest updates.

Given below are the regionwise Admit Card Links-

 

Sl no.

Region

Download

1. Eastern Region Click Here
2. Kerala Karnataka Region Click Here
3. Southern Region Click Here
4. Madhya Pradesh Region Click Here
5. North Eastern Region Click Here
6. North Western Region Click Here
7. Northern Region Click Here

Practice SSC CGL 2017 Mock Test

SSC CGL 2016 All shift Exam Analysis

How to Prepare English in 30 days for SSC CGL 2017

How to Prepare Reasoning for SSC CGL 2017

How to Prepare for Tier III  Descriptive 

How to Prepare for SSC CGL Tier II

SSC CGL 2016 Previous Years Questions

SSC CGL 2016 Exam Analysis Tier I

SSC CGL 2016 Exam Analysis Tier I

SSC CGL 2016 Exam Analysis Tier I

Dear Aspirants,

Staff Selection commission (SSC) conducts Combined Graduate Level CGL examination. For this year SSC has already released the notification and the exam is expected to be held in the month of August. So it becomes necessary to go through the exam analysis of Previous Year Papers. SSC switched to online Mode Last Year and the questions available were memory based. SSC.OUREDUCATION.IN provides original questions and not modified questions so one should keep check on SSC CGL 2016 Questions.

PRACTICE SSC CGL 2016 QUESTIONS HERE!!

Now Let us have look on various analysis conducted by students of Plutus Academy. This Analysis will be very helpful in cracking SSC CGL 2017  with ease.

SSC CGL Tier 1 2016 Exam Analysis 2nd September 1st shift

SSC CGL Tier 1 2016 Exam Analysis 1st September 3rd shift

SSC CGL Tier 1 2016 Exam Analysis 1st September 2nd shift

SSC CGL Tier 1 2016 Exam Analysis 1st September 1st shift

SSC CGL Tier 1 2016 Exam Analysis 1st September 2nd shift

SSC CGL Tier 1 2016 Exam Analysis 31st August 2nd shift

SSC CGL Tier 1 2016 Exam Analysis 31st August 1st shift

SSC CGL Tier 1 2016 Exam Analysis 30 August 1st shift

 

Important Root Based Vocabulary

Important Root Based Vocabulary

Indispensable Questions based on Important Root Based Vocabulary

Q- Which of the following is correct one word Substituion for ” One who loves mankind”.

a) Philogamist

b) Misanthrophist

c) Philanthrophist

d) Amicable

e) None

Q- Genocide refers to-

a) killig of animals

b) killing of pests

c) Large Scale man slaughter

d) killing of king

Q- One who loves marriages is-

a) philogynist

b) Philomarriagist

c) Philogamist

d) Philologist

e) None

“Phil” means Love

a) Philanthropist One Who Loves Mankind/Humanity. The word refers to a person who is dedicated to promote the welfare of others.

Etymology :

Phil – love                                                                          

Anthro – Human

Synonymns :

Benefactor

Humanitarian

Patron

Donor

Antonymns :

Misanthropist

Cynical

sceptical

skeptical

b) Philogynist – One who loves woman. The person who esteems woman is referred as Philogynist.

Etymology –

Phil love                                                                  

Gyn  – woman

synonyms :

Woman lover

Antonymns :

Misogynist

Woman- Hater

Sexist

c) Philogamist – One who loves marriages

Etymology-

Phil –  Love                                                               

gamy- Marriage

Synonymns :

Marriage-Lover

Antonymns :

Misogynist

 

d) Philologist- One who loves learning and literature.

Etymology : Phil – Love                                                                

logy – Science of/ Study of

synonymn

 Interpreter

Grammarian

lexicographer

Antonymn

Misologist

 

cide – to kill

a) Sororicide- The killing of sister is termed as Sororicide and the persons involved in killing are termed as sororicides.

Etymology:

Sorori- Sister

cide – Kill

 

 

 

b) Fratricide- the killing of one’s brother and sister.

Etymology-

Fratri- Brotherhood

cide – killing

 

 

 

 

 

c) Uxoricide – To kill one’s wife. It refers to the man to who kills his wife.

 

Etymology :

Uxor – refers to wife

cide – refers to kill

Synonyms-

Murderer

Execution

Antonyms-

philogynist

Uxoriphilic

d) Mariticide- To kill One’s Husband. It refers to the person who kills her husband.

Etymology                                                                        

Maritus – refers to Husband

cide – refers to kill

Synonymn-

maritophobic

Antonymn-

Love for Husband

e) Regicide- To kill King of a region.

Etymology                        

Regis-king

cide- to kill

synonym

assasination

kingslaughter

Antonyms

Regiphilic

Love for king

f) Genocide– Intentional killing of large no. of people belonging to a particular ethnic group. Racial killing, massacre.

Etymology

Genos- refers to Race or clan

cide- act of killing

synonyms

Holocaust

carnage

Race extermination

Antonyms

philanthropy

Genophilism

Important political parties in India

Important political parties in India

 

Multiple choice Questions from Important political parties in India

Q-1 Which of the following is a valid condition for a party to be National party?

a) A party which has secured six % (6%) of valid votes polled in any lok sabha election or assembly election in the state and atleast four such states and secured 4 Lok Sabha seats.

b) The party has secured atleast 2% of total no. of seats in lok sabha from atleast 3 states.

c) The party is recognised as state party in atleast 4 states.

d) all of the above

e) None

Q- What is a tenure of State Governor?

a) 4 years

b) 5 Years

c) 6 years

d) no tenure

Q- Who administers the oath of a State governor ?

a) CJI

b) High Court Judge

c) President

d) Chief Justice of State

Political Parties of India

  1. According to Representation of People Act, 1951 there is provision to conduct elections of the Houses of Parliament or Houses of the Legislature of State.
  2. As per this law there are two parties – a) Recognized Party and b) Unrecognized Party.

National Party

  1. i) A party which has secured six % (6%) of valid votes polled in any lok sabha election or assembly election in the state and atleast four such states and secured 4 Lok Sabha seats.

OR

  1. ii) The party has secured atleast 2% of total no. of seats in lok sabha from atleast 3 states.

OR

iii) The party is recognised as state party in atleast 4 states is called a “ National Party”.

iv) The National Parties of India are given below :

  1. Indian National Congress (INC)
  2. Bhartiya Janta Party (BJP)
  3. Bahujan SamaJ  Party (BSP)
  4. Communist Party of India (CPI)
  5. Communist Party of India (CPI)(M)
  6. Nationalist Congress Party

 

State Party-

A Party which has secured at 6% of valid Votes polled in the Assembly election in the State and atleast two MLAs.

OR

The party has secured atleast 3% of the total no. seats in the assembly of the state.

OR

The party has secured at least 6% of valid votes in the lok Sabha election in the state and atleast 1 lok sabha seat is called a state party.

 

This Status is not permanent, it can be withdrawn by the election commission if the performance of the Party goes below the parameters.

 

State Executive

  1. Governor
    1. There shall be a Governor for each state provided that the Same person can act as Governor of two or more states.
    2. Simply appointed by the President.

Qualification-

  1. Should be a citizen/35 years/ no office of profit.
  2. Tenure-
    1. 5 years before that
  1.      c)   The oath is administered by the Chief justice of High Court.
  2.     d)   The Salary is decided by the Parliament which is charged upon Consolidated fund of India.
  3.     e)   Pardoning Powers : He has this provision but shall not pardon death sentence and shall not enter in the case of Military Courts.

Election commission of India

Election commission of India

Important Questions based on Election commission of India

Q-1 In case of dispute related to elections of  the MP and MLA, the disputes are heard by-

a) Election Commission of India

b) President

c) Supreme Court

d) High Court

Q- Who is the present Chief Election Commissioner of India ?

a) V S Sampath

b) S Y Quiraishi

c) H S Brahma

d) Nasim Zaidi

Q- Which of the following is not the Current Election Commission of India?

a) Aanchal Kumar Jyoti

b) Om Prakash Rawat

c) H S Brahma

d) None of these

Q-  The provision of Election Commission of India is mentioned  in which article?

a) Article 347

b) Article 327

c) Article 324 

d) None of these

Q- The Chief Election Commissioner is removed by-

a) President 

b) Impeachment

c) Resigns Himself 

d) None of these

Election commission of India

Article-324

  1. The Election Commission of India is a constitutional body with the power of Superintendence, direction and Control of :
      1. Preparation of Electoral Rolls.
      2. Conducting of all Elections for –
        1. President
        2. Vice President
        3. Rajya Sabha
        4. Lok Sabha
        5. State Legislative Assembly
        6. Legislative Council
  2. Composition of Election Commission

    1. A chief election commissioner and not more than four Election Commissioner.
    2. The president decides the Strength of the commission time to time.
  3. Qualifications

The Qualifications of the members of the Election commission is not mentioned in the Constitution.

Appointment and Resignation

  1. The ECI is appointed by the president and may resign to  president.
  2. The person who have wide experience in public affairs like IAS officers are chosen for this post.
  3. There is as such no qualification defined for the ECI in the Constitution of India.

Tenure and Removal

  1. The tenure of ECI is 6 years or upto 65 years of age.
  2. The Chief Election Commissioner is removed by the process of Impeachment.
  3. The election Commissioner are removed by the president on the recommendation of Chief Election Commissioner.

Functions-

  1. The ECI supervises Delimitation Commissions.
  2. It gives the recognition to political parties as National Party and State Party.
  3. The ECI allotes symbols to parties/ candidates.
  4. Also the ECI Monitors the Elections Expenditure.
    1. For eg. The Fund for Member of Parliament ( MP ) is 40 lakh with certified account.
  5. The ECI Imposes and Monitors the “Model Code of Conduct” ( An ethical code applicable on all parties and Candidates).
  6. The ECI directly indulges and solves Election Disputes.

Note: i) If Disputes are related to President and Vice President, the Disputes are heard in Supreme Court.

  1. ii) If Disputes are related to MP and MLA, then they are heard in High Court.
  2. The Current Chief Election commissioner of India is Nasim Zaidi.

Comptroller and Auditor General of India

comptroller and auditor general of india 

Important Questions based on Comptroller and Auditor General of India

Q- Who acts as the Guardian of the Public Purse?

a) Supreme Court Judge

b) CAG 

c) ECI

d) None

Q- Who is the Present Comptroller and Auditor General of India?

a) TS Thakur

b) Shashi kant Sharma

c) Vinod Rai

d) Murali Manohar Joshi

 

Q- The Provision of  functions of CAG is given in which article?

a) Article 147

b) Article 149

c) Article 150

d) Article 153 

Comptroller and Auditor General of India

 

Article 148-

a) According to this Article-There shall be a Comptroller and Auditor General of India (CAGI) appointed by the President and may be removed on Like Grounds and in the Like manner as a Judge of Supreme Court is removed.

b) The Comptroller and Auditor General of India removal is difficult and is removed by the method of Impeachment.

c) The Tenure is 6 years or till 65 years.

d) He or She may resign to the President.

e) After retirement of CAG , he shall not hold any post under the Govt.(s) ( Both the Government).

f) The Functions are :  To Audit all accounts of the Governments ( State and Union Government)  and their agencies and make reports .

g) The reports made by the CAG are submitted to Governor or The President.

h) Furthermore, the reports are put forward of legislatures for discuss and review purposes.

i)  

Reports given by the CAG are examined by the Oldest committee called  Public account Committee (PAC) and the committee can act accordingly.

 

Special points about CAG

  1. The CAG acts as the Watchdog of the Indian Public Finances.
  2. The CAG also acts as the Agent of the Parliament.
  3. The CAG is known as the Guardian of Government Money or Public Purse ( Public Money).
  4. There are four bodies who are considered as the Defensive wall of the Indian Democratic System – Supreme Court, Election Commission of India, Union Public Service Commision and Comptroller and Auditor General of India.

 

Special Functions of CAG-

 

  1. The provision of the functions of CAG is given in 
  2. He can check feasibilty of Financial Transactions.
  3. He acts as a Friend, Philosopher and Guide of PAC.
  4. The Present CAG is Shashikant Sharma who was appointed on 23rd May 2013.
  5. The CAG Audits accounts only when Requested by the President or Governor. 

Indian Polity Attorney General of India

Indian Polity Attorney General of India

Important Questions based on Indian Polity Attorney General of India

Q- The Provision of Financial Emergency is given in which article of Indian Constitution?

a) Article 340

b) Article 350

c) Article 360

d) Article 380

Q- Consider the following statements-

Statement I : A person Qualified to become the Judge of High Court is eligible to become AGI (Auditor and Comptroller General of India).

Statement II : A person Qualified to become the Judge of  Supreme Court is eligible to become AGI ( Auditor And Comptroller General of India).

a) Only Statement I is true

b) Only Statement II is true.

c) Both Statements are true.

d) None of the Statement is true.

e) None of these.

Q- The Attorney General of India is appointed by –

a) The Prime Minister

b) The President

c) The Chief Justice of India

d) None

Q- Who is the Current Attorney General of India?

a) Tirath Singh Thakur.

b) Shashikant Sharma

c) Mukul Rohtagi

d) Vinod Rai

“Financial Emergency”

Article 360 :

  1. If the president is satisfied that Financial Stability of India is under threat he shall impose Financial emergency by issuing a proclamation.
  2. Such a proclamation should be passed by both the houses by simple Majority within 2 months of its issue.
  3. This proclamation  shall remain in force until revoked by the president.

Effects of Financial Emergency-

  1. All the State Government can be directed to reduce their expenditure.
  2. All the Money bills and Financial Bills of the State can be reserved by the Governor for the Consideration of the president.
  3. Salaries and Incentives may be reduced including that of president.
  4. The Financial emergency has never been imposed so far in the Country.

 

Attorney General of India

  1. The post of the AGI is the part of Executive.
  2. A person Qualified to become Judge of Supreme Court can be appointed as Attorney General of India.
  3. The AGI is appointed by the President and no consultation is required in the appointment.
  4. Once appointment has taken place, then there is no fixed tenure and can continue until he resigns to the president.
  5. The AGI can be removed just by the President.
  6. As simple the appointment is as simple is the removal of the AGI.
  7. When the Government resigns Attorney General of India also resigns but not necessary, Still AGI resigns as per the Convention.
  8. Attorney General of India gives advice to president on legal Matters and performs all legal functions of Union Government i.e  represents union Govt. in courts.
  9. He is allowed to private legal practise but Shall not stand against union Government.
  10. He receives a fixed amount decided by the president as the salary.
  11. He can participate in all the proceedings of Parliament and its Committee’s ( If Nominated).But, he shall not vote on any proceedings.
  12. AGI is a  non-member  who can also attend but not vote.
  13. AGI is,assisted by the solicitor General of India and Additional Solicitor General of India.
  14. Current Attorney General of India is Mukul Rohtagi.