ADJECTIVES FOR SSC CGL
An adjective gives information about noun.
Rohan is a handsome boy.
She is beautiful.
In the above sentences handsome and beautiful are giving us information about rohan and she respectively.
USE OF ADJECTIVE
Adjectives can be used in two ways-
When an adjective is followed by a noun then it represents attributive use of adjective.
Eg. – He is a brave soldier.
Here soldier is noun and brave is adjective.
When a verb is followed by an adjective then it represents predicative use of adjective.
Eg. – He is brave.
TYPES OF ADJECTIVES
These are the adjectives that show quality of a person.
He is popular.
She is miserly.
Adjectives of quantity
These adjectives show how much of a thing is meant.
Eg. -some,much,little,enough,sufficient,no,whole etc.
Adjectives of number-
These are of two types-
(a) Definite numeral adjectives
These denote exact no. of things/persons or order of things/persons.
(b) Indefinite numeral adjectives
These instead of denoting exact no. of things/persons just give the idea of the number of things/persons.
Few. some, many, several,all etc.
Definite numeral adjectives are further of two types-
(a) Cardinal adjectives
These denote exact no. like one, two, three etc.
There are twenty eggs in the basket.
I am having five chocolates.
(b) Ordinal adjectives
These denote exact order of things or persons
We always use article ”the” with ordinal adjectives. No such rule exist for cardinal adjectives.
The second chapter of this book is very tough.
The fourth row from right is vacant.
If both cardinal and ordinal adjective come in a single sentence then we always write ordinal first and then cardinal adjective.
The last two seats of bus are vacant.
The first three chapters of this book are easy.
These adjectives point out to the persons/things.
This, that, these, those
This book is mine.
These sweets are tasty.
That girl is beautiful.
An adjective comes in three degrees-
(a)Positive degree-when there is no comparison.
Harish is tall.
Seema is beautiful.
(b)Comparative degree-when there is comparison between two people or two things.
Harish is taller than shyam.
Seema is more beautiful than reema.
(c)Superlative degree-when there is comparison between one Vs all.
Harish is the tallest of all the boys.
Seema is the most beautiful girl of class.
Some positive ,comparative and superlative degree adjectives are given below-
Positive Comparative Superlative
Wise Wiser Wisest
Able Abler Ablest
Fit Fitter Fittest
True Truer Truest
Noble Nobler Noblest
Grey Greyer Greyest
Dry Drier Driest
Pretty Prettier Prettiest
Wet Wetter Wettest
Bold Bolder Boldest
Fine Finer Finest
Some adjectives are changed to comparative and superlative degree by adding more and most to them respectively.
Positive Comparative Superlative
Popular More popular Most popular
Powerful More powerful Most powerful
Pleasant More pleasant Most pleasant
Courageous More courageous Most courageous
Some adjectives do not follow any specific rules.-
Positive Comparative Superlative
Near Nearer nearest/next
Much/many more most
Old older/elder oldest/eldest
Late later/latter last/latest
good/well better best
Little less/lesser least
bad/ill worse worst
Rules for the correct usage of degrees of adjective
We always use comparative degree with “than”.
The USA is more powerful than any other country.
She is more courageous than her sister.
Its vice versa is not necessary(with every comparative degree “than” is not necessary.)
I am not feeling better.
Positive degree of adjective comes with the following words-
She is not so beautiful as her mother.
She is as good as her father.
We use “the” with comparative degree but “ of the two ” should be there in the sentence or selection has to be made in the sentence.
Ziya is the abler of two sisters.
This boy is the taller of the two.
Which is the longer river,the ganga or the yamuna ?
“The” is used with superlative degree.
She is the most beautiful girl i have ever seen.
He is the tallest boy of my class.
While comparing two qualities of a noun or pronoun with each other, don’t use “er” format. Always use– More + positive degree
The board is more long than wide.(here both length and width are the qualities of board).
She is more beautiful than courageous.
We always use positive degree with comparatively and relatively.
Comparative and superlative degree can’t be used with these words.
We are comparatively safe here.
I am relatively well today.
Raman runs comparatively fast than sohan.
In order to intensify the sentences we use-
(a)far/much with comparative degree
(b)By far with superlative degree
This house is far better than that.
His performance was much better than mohan’s.
India is by far the most beautiful country of the world.
If we compare a noun with all other of same group or class than any other is used to exclude the noun.
Sachin is more popular than any other cricketer.(sachin is also a cricketer so to exclude sachin from all other cricketers we have to use other in the sentence.)
Sachin more popular than any footballer.(in this case sachin is not footballer so we don’t use other in such sentences.)
Mohini is taller than any boy in her class.
Mohini is taller than any other girl in her class.
We can’t use comparative degree with “times”.
My bungalow is two times bigger than yours.-wrong
My bungalow is two times as big as yours.-right
When two adjectives are used for a single noun and if both of them are connected with a conjunction, they should be in same degree.
The economy of a country got worse and more unstable.
He is the most talented but least known writer.
There are certain adjectives that can’t be used in comparative and superlative form-
Your first impression is more everlasting-wrong
Your first impression is everlasting-right
There are certain adjectives with which” to” is used and not “than”–
Superior, inferior, prior, anterior, posterior, junior, senior.
She is junior than me-wrong
She is junior to me-right
If different words are needed with different adjectives, suitable words are used with each of them.
She is junior to and more courageous than me.
She is as beautiful as if not more than her mother.
If there are different type of adjectives are present in a single sentence then the order of the adjectives should be-
I have a pretty,small,round shaped,pink,mexican,ruby.
The +adjective-plural common noun -plural verb
And with plural common nouns we use plural verb.
The blind have sticks with them.
The aged are living in old age homes.
Blessed are the meek.
Correct use of some adjectives-
Uses of Little, A little and The little:-
Always used for uncountable nouns.
Little :– hardly any , almost none
Eg:- there is little juice in the jug.
Eg:- Ram has little work to do.
A Little:- Small quantity, some but not many
Eg:- A little freedom is necessary for kids.
The Little:- Not Much but all that is available
Eg:- I hope you will be contended with the little wine left wine in the jar.
Eg:- Rama spent the little money she had..
- Use of Few, A few and The few
Always used with countable nouns
Few:-hardly any,almost none
Eg:- Sham read few books.
Eg:- Rashmi need few documentary projects.
A Few:- Small quantity but not much, some but not many
Eg:- I requested him to bring me a few books.
Eg:- Shamita read a few books of history.
The Few:- Not many but all that are available
Eg:- The few days left I passed in her company were exciting.
Eg:- I hope the few moments we had were memorable.
- Use Many, Much
Many used for countable Noun
Much used for uncountable noun
- Some, Any
Some used in affirmative sentences.
with countable nouns to show no.
with uncountable nouns to show quantity.
She have some juice.
I have some colleagues.
Some is also used in interrogative sentences where the answers are expected in yes.
Could you lend me some pens?
Did you buy some clothes?
Would you like to have some coffee?
Any used in negative sentences.
She does not have any oranges.
Any is also used in interrogative sentences where the answers are expected in no.
Have you bought any mangoes?
Some adjectives are given below-