ADJECTIVES FOR SSC CGL

ADJECTIVES FOR SSC CGL

 

An adjective gives information about noun.

Rohan is a handsome boy.

She is beautiful.

In the above sentences handsome and beautiful are giving us information about rohan and she respectively.

 

USE OF ADJECTIVE

Adjectives can be used in two ways-

1.ATTRIBUTIVELY

When an adjective is followed by a noun then it represents attributive use of adjective.

Eg. – He is a brave soldier.

Here soldier is noun and brave is adjective.

 

2.PREDICATIVELY

When a verb is followed by an adjective then it represents predicative use of adjective.

Eg. – He is brave.

Is -verb

Brave- adjective

 

                                            TYPES OF ADJECTIVES

 

Descriptive adjective

These are the adjectives that show quality of a person.

He is popular.

She is miserly.

 

Adjectives of quantity

These adjectives show how much of a thing is meant.

Eg. -some,much,little,enough,sufficient,no,whole etc.

Some rice

Little patience

Sufficient milk

No sense

 

Adjectives of number-

These are of two types-

(a) Definite numeral adjectives

These denote exact no. of things/persons or order of things/persons.

Ten balloons

Third chapter

 

(b) Indefinite numeral adjectives

These instead of denoting exact no. of things/persons just give the idea of the number of things/persons.

Few. some, many, several,all etc.

Many people

Few question

Several persons

 

Definite numeral adjectives are further of two types-

 

(a) Cardinal adjectives

These denote exact no. like one, two, three etc.

There are twenty eggs in the basket.

I am having five chocolates.

 

(b) Ordinal adjectives

These denote exact order of things or persons

 

We always use article ”the” with ordinal adjectives. No such rule exist for cardinal adjectives.

The second chapter of this book is very tough.

The fourth row from right is vacant.

 

If both cardinal and ordinal adjective come in a single sentence then we always write ordinal first and then cardinal adjective.

The last two seats of bus are vacant.

The first three chapters of this book are easy.

 

Demonstrative adjectives

These adjectives point out to the persons/things.

This, that, these, those

This book is mine.

These sweets are tasty.

That girl is beautiful.

 

An adjective comes in three degrees-

(a)Positive degree-when there is no comparison.

Harish is tall.

Seema is beautiful.

 

(b)Comparative degree-when there is comparison between two people or two things.

Harish is taller than shyam.

Seema is more beautiful than reema.

 

(c)Superlative degree-when there is comparison between one Vs all.

Harish is the tallest of all the boys.

Seema is the most beautiful girl of class.        

 

Some positive ,comparative and superlative degree adjectives are given below-

 

Positive                             Comparative                                          Superlative

Wise                                   Wiser                                                       Wisest

Able                                    Abler                                                        Ablest

Fit                                       Fitter                                                        Fittest

True                                   Truer                                                        Truest

Noble                                 Nobler                                                      Noblest  

Grey                                  Greyer                                                      Greyest

Dry                                    Drier                                                         Driest

Pretty                                Prettier                                                     Prettiest

Wet                                   Wetter                                                      Wettest

Bold                                  Bolder                                                      Boldest

Fine                                  Finer                                                        Finest

 

Some adjectives are changed to comparative and superlative degree by adding more and most to them respectively.

 

Positive                                      Comparative                              Superlative

Popular                                        More popular                               Most popular

Powerful                                      More powerful                             Most powerful

Pleasant                                      More pleasant                             Most pleasant

Courageous                                More courageous                        Most courageous

 

Some adjectives do not follow any specific rules.-

Positive                                    Comparative                               Superlative

Near                                          Nearer                                          nearest/next

Much/many                                  more                                         most

Old                                               older/elder                                oldest/eldest

Late                                             later/latter                                 last/latest

good/well                                     better                                        best

Little                                            less/lesser                                 least

bad/ill                                          worse                                        worst

 

Rules for the correct usage of degrees of adjective

 

Rule no.-1

We always use comparative degree with “than”.

The USA is more powerful than any other country.

She is more courageous than her sister.

Its vice versa is not necessary(with every comparative degree “than” is not necessary.)

I am not feeling better.

 

Rule no.-2

Positive degree of adjective comes with the following words-

(a) so……….as

(b) as……….as

She is not so beautiful as her mother.

She is as good as her father.

 

Rule no.-3

We use “the” with comparative degree but “ of the two ” should be there in the sentence or selection has to be made in the sentence.

Ziya is the abler of two sisters.

This boy is the taller of the two.

Which is the longer river,the ganga or the yamuna ?

 

Rule no.-4

“The” is used with superlative degree.

She is the most beautiful girl i have ever seen.

He is the tallest boy of my class.

 

Rule no.-5

While comparing two qualities of a noun or pronoun with each other, don’t use “er” format. Always use– More + positive degree

The board is more long than wide.(here both length and width are the qualities of board).

She is more beautiful than courageous.

 

Rule no.-6

We always use positive degree with comparatively and relatively.

Comparative and superlative degree can’t be used with these words.

 

comparatively/relatively+positive degree

We are comparatively safe here.

I am relatively well today.

Raman runs comparatively fast than sohan.

 

Rule no.-7

In order to intensify the sentences we use-

(a)far/much with comparative degree

(b)By far with superlative degree

This house is far better than that.

His performance was much better than mohan’s.

India is by far the most beautiful country of the world.

 

Rule no.-8

If we compare a noun with all other of same group or class than any other is used to exclude the noun.

Sachin is more popular than any other cricketer.(sachin is also a cricketer so to exclude sachin from all other cricketers we have to use other in the sentence.)

Sachin more popular than any footballer.(in this case sachin is not footballer so we don’t use other in such sentences.)

Mohini is taller than any boy in her class.

Mohini is taller than any other girl in her class.

 

Rule no.-9

We can’t use comparative degree with “times”.

My bungalow is two times bigger than yours.-wrong

My bungalow is two times as big as yours.-right

 

Rule no.-10

When two adjectives are used for a single noun and if both of them are connected with a conjunction, they should be in same degree.

The economy of a country got worse and more unstable.

He is the most talented but least known writer.

 

There are certain adjectives that can’t be used in comparative and superlative form-

Perfect,extreme,chief,complete,final,last,unique,universal,round,square,eternal, everlasting,impossible,supreme,triangular,major,excellent,empty,entire,ideal,absolute.

Your first impression is more everlasting-wrong

Your first impression is everlasting-right

Rule no.-11

There are certain adjectives with which” to” is used and not  “than”

Superior, inferior, prior, anterior, posterior, junior, senior.

She is junior than me-wrong

She is junior to me-right

 

Rule no.-12

If different words are needed with different adjectives, suitable words are used with each of them.

She is junior to and more courageous than me.

She is as beautiful as if not more than her mother.

 

Rule no.-13

If there are different type of adjectives are present in a single sentence then the order of the adjectives should be-

                                             OSASCOMP

OPINION>SIZE>AGE>SHAPE>COLOUR>ORIGIN>MATERIAL>PURPOSE

 

I have a pretty,small,round shaped,pink,mexican,ruby.

Pretty -opinion

Small -size

Round -shape

Pink -colour

Mexican -origin

 

The +adjective-plural common noun -plural verb

And with plural common nouns we use plural verb.

The blind have sticks with them.

The aged are living in old age homes.

Blessed are the meek.

 

Correct use of some adjectives-

Uses of Little, A little and The little:-

Always used for uncountable nouns.

Little :– hardly any , almost none

Eg:- there is little juice in the jug.

Eg:- Ram has little work to do.

A Little:- Small quantity, some but not many

Eg:- A little freedom is necessary for kids.

 

The Little:- Not Much but all that is available

Eg:- I hope you will be contended with the little wine left wine in the jar.  

Eg:- Rama spent the little money she had..

  1.  Use of Few, A few and The few

Always used with countable nouns

Few:-hardly any,almost none

Eg:- Sham read few books.

Eg:- Rashmi need few documentary projects.

A Few:- Small quantity but not much, some but not many

Eg:- I requested him to bring me a few books.

Eg:- Shamita read a few books of history.

The Few:- Not many but all that are available

Eg:- The few days left I passed in her company were exciting.

Eg:- I hope the few moments we had were memorable.

 

  1. Use Many, Much

Many used for countable Noun

Much used for uncountable noun

  1. Some, Any

Some used in affirmative sentences.

with countable nouns to show no.

with uncountable nouns to show quantity.

She have some juice.

I have some colleagues.

Some is also used in interrogative sentences where the answers are expected in yes.

Could you lend me some pens?

Did you buy some clothes?

Would you like to have some coffee?

 

Any used in negative sentences.

She does not have any oranges.

Any is also used in interrogative sentences where the answers are expected in no.

Have you bought any mangoes?

 

Some adjectives are given below-

Noun                                        Adjectives

Accident                                  Accidental

Length                                     Long

Danger                                   Dangerous

Intelligence                             Intelligent

Offence                                  Offensive

Published by

niyati chaudhry

I am B.Tech in Electrical and Electronics Engineering , currently pursuing Masters in English from IGNOU and presently working as an ' English language Faculty' at Plutus academy for competitive exams like Bank PO , SSC etc. I have a great interest in writing to help students who can't afford classes. I believe in hard work as short cuts have short life.

5 thoughts on “ADJECTIVES FOR SSC CGL”

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